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This 9th of March, let us aim to prepare for the unexpected and support the vulnerable to assure

KIDNEY HEALTH FOR ALL

About World Kidney Day

About World Kidney Day

World Kidney Day (WKD) is a global campaign which aims at spreading worldwide awareness about the importance of kidneys, kidney health and the diseases associated with kidneys. It is a joint initiative which was launched in 2006 by the mutual efforts of the International Society of Nephrology (ISN) and the International Federation of Kidney Foundations (IFKF).

KIDNEY FUNCTIONS

KIDNEY FUNCTIONS

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

The most prevalent form of kidney disease is Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). Chronic Kidney Disease also known as Chronic Kidney Failure or Chronic Renal Disease is a permanent and progressive damage in kidneys over months or years, consequent to which the kidneys become incapacitated to filter blood efficiently. CKD has multiple stages of seriousness and gets more and more severe over time. The last stage is called Renal Failure in which the kidneys ultimately stop working where dialysis or kidney transplant is indispensable for survival. CKD includes one or more of the following features:

Chronic Kidney Disease

Stages of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

Usually, kidney disease starts slowly and silently, and progresses over anumber of years. Not everyone progresses from Stage 1 to Stage 5. Stage 5 is also known as End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD).

Stage Description Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) level
Normal Kidney Function Healthy Kidneys 90mL/min or more
Stage 1 Kidney damage with normal or high GFR 90mL/min or more
Stage 2 Kidney damage and mild decrease in GFR 60-89mL/min
Stage 3 Moderate decrease inGFR 30-59mL/min
Stage 4 Severe decrease in GFR 15-29mL/min
Stage 5 Established kidney failure Less than 15mL/min or on dialysis

epidemiology

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has emerged as one of the most prominent causes of death and suffering in the 21st century. Chronic kidney disease is a particularly significant burden in low- and middle-income countries Being one of the leading causes of years of life lost, CKD affects 8% to 16% of the population worldwide, out of which only 5% of patients report with early CKD.

WHO ARE AT RISK?

Older individuals

Older individuals

Hypertension

Hypertension

Women

Women

Racial minorites

Racial minorites

Kidney Health Status in India

Today in India, more than 1.3 Lakh people are receiving dialysis while the number is going up by 232 per 10 Lakh of population. The etiology of CKD extends throughout India.

As per the estimates, as little as 10-20 percent of End Stage Renal Disease patients, in India continue long term renal replacement therapy (RRT).

According to the reports, limited medical facilities and resources; and risk factors being poorly controlled and managed are few of the many factors leading to rapid progression of CKD to Renal Failure (ESRD) in the patients.

More than 90 percent of all the patients in need of Renal Replacement Therapy (RRT) lose their lives due to inability to meet patient care expenses, and even out of those, about 60 percent of the patients discontinue due to financial causes.

In the Union Budget 2016, the Government of India introduced a plan for standalone haemodialysis centers for End Stage Renal Disease patients.Today in India, more than 1.3 Lakh people are receiving dialysis while the number is going up by 232 per 10 Lakh of population. The etiology of CKD extends throughout India.

SYMPTOMS

Most people do not notice any grave symptoms or are asymptomatic until the disease has reached advanced stage. Common Symptoms of CKD include

Nausea

Tiredness

Poor appetite

Dry and itchy skin

Muscle cramping

Trouble sleeping

Difficulty in concentrating

Headaches

Main Causes/Risk Factors of Chronic Kidney Disease

Most people do not notice any grave symptoms or are asymptomatic until the disease has reached advanced stage. Common Symptoms of CKD include

Diabetes

Diabetes: Extreme levels of blood sugar can cause damage to multiple organs including the kidneys.

Hypertension

Hypertension: High blood pressure can be both, a cause and a result of CKD.

Some other causes/risk factors include:

  • Heart Disease
  • Glomerulonephritis.
  • Polycystic kidney disease.
  • Autoimmune diseases such as Lupus nephritis
  • Kidney and urinary tract abnormalities before birth.
  • Family history of CKD

Prevention

To keep the kidneys healthy and protect them, following preventive measures can be taken:

  • Eating healthful foods such as whole grains, fresh fruits, vegetables, and low-fat products; Cutting down on salts and added sugars
  • Indulging in physical activities
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Getting proper sleep
  • Limiting alcohol consumption and Smoking cessation
  • Managing risk factors like diabetes, hypertension and heart disease
Prevention