Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act, 1994
Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act, 1994 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted to stop female foeticides and arrest the declining sex ratio in India. The act banned prenatal sex determination.
The main purpose of enacting the act is to ban the use of sex selection techniques after conception and prevent the misuse of prenatal diagnostic technique for sex selective abortion.
The Act mandates compulsory registration of all diagnostic laboratories, all genetic counselling centres, genetic laboratories, genetic clinics and ultrasound clinics.
Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Act, 1994 (PNDT), was amended in 2003 to The Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition Of Sex Selection) Act (PCPNDT Act) to improve the regulation of the technology used in sex selection.
Implications of the amendment are
Amendment of the act mainly covered bringing the technique of pre conception sex selection within the ambit of the act
Bringing ultrasound within its ambit
Empowering the central supervisory board, constitution of state level supervisory board
Provision for more stringent punishments
Empowering appropriate authorities with the power of civil court for search, seizure and sealing the machines and equipments of the violators
Regulating the sale of the ultrasound machines only to registered bodies
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