The health ministry has issued some new guidelines to healthcare institutions to monitor the hospital acquired infection, and therefore, prevent transmission of infection.
This step is directed towards controlling the vulnerable situation of almost 40% patients admitted in public hospitals acquiring life threatening infections.
On the other hand, the experts have comments that chances of acquiring infections is around 20-25%, though less than the public hospitals.
The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has broadly included the basic principles of infection control, role of health care workers, bio-waste management as a part of the new set of guidelines. An elaborate step to control infection effectively is also a part of this initiative.
ICMR has also included training of health care workers, protection of health care workers, identification of hazards and minimising risks, aseptic techniques, use of single use device, reprocessing of instruments and equipment, antibiotic usage, management of blood and body fluid exposure as crucial factors for the implementation of the infection control programme.
As reported by TOI, highlighting that good infection control measures can significantly reduce patient morbidity and mortality in hospitals and has also been proven cost-effective, ICMR Director General Soumya Swaminathan said, “The infection control policies and procedures, when consistently applied and integrated into all systems and processes result in significantly reduced infection rates thus reducing the morbidity and mortality due to hospital acquired infections”.
Apart from basic standards, the ICMR document also elaborates on responsibilities of healthcare facilities, risks associated with them and need to vaccinate healthcare workers etc.