This site is intended for Healthcare professionals only.
×

Union Cabinet clears National Health Policy, Check out the highlights

Union Cabinet clears National Health Policy, Check out the highlights

New Delhi: The government today approved the National Health Policy which proposes to provide “assured health services to all” in the country. The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi  finally gave its nod to the policy which has been pending for the last two years. The last National Health Policy was framed in 2002. So, this policy has come after a gap of 15 years to address the current and emerging challenges necessitated by the changing socio-economic, technological and epidemiological landscape.

Here are the important Highlights of the Policy

BUDGETARY ALLOCATION

The Policy proposes raising public health expenditure to 2.5% of the GDP in a time bound manner. The Policy advocates a progressively incremental assurance-based approach. It envisages providing larger package of assured comprehensive primary health care through the ‘Health and Wellness Centers’ and denotes important change from very selective to comprehensive primary health care package which includes care for major NCDs, mental health, geriatric health care, palliative care and rehabilitative care services. It advocates allocating major proportion (two-thirds or more) of resources to primary care.

TARGETS

The Policy has assigned specific quantitative targets aimed at reduction of disease prevalence/incidence under 3 broad components viz.(a)health status and programme impact, (b) health system performance and (c) health systems strengthening, aligned to the policy objectives. Some key targets that the policy seeks to achieve are –

hypertension-program

Life Expectancy and healthy life

  • Increase Life Expectancy at birth from 67.5 to 70 by 2025.
  • Establish regular tracking of Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY) Index as a measure of burden of disease and its trends by major categories by 2022.
  • Reduction of TFR to 2.1 at national and sub-national level by 2025.

 Mortality by Age and/ or cause

  • Reduce Under Five Mortality to 23 by 2025 and MMR from current levels to 100 by 2020.
  • Reduce infant mortality rate to 28 by 2019.
  • Reduce neo-natal mortality to 16 and still birth rate to “single digit” by 2025.

Reduction of disease prevalence/ incidence

city-coordinator/
  • Achieve global target of 2020 which is also termed as target of 90:90:90, for HIV/AIDS i. e,- 90% of all people living with HIV know their HIV status, – 90% of all people diagnosed with HIV infection receive sustained antiretroviral therapy and 90% of all people receiving antiretroviral therapy will have viral suppression.
  • Achieve and maintain elimination status of Leprosy by 2018, Kala-Azar by 2017 and Lymphatic Filariasis in endemic pockets by 2017.
  • To achieve and maintain a cure rate of >85% in new sputum positive patients for TB and reduce incidence of new cases, to reach elimination status by 2025.
  • To reduce the prevalence of blindness to 0.25/ 1000 by 2025 and disease burden by one third from current levels.
  • To reduce premature mortality from cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes or chronic respiratory diseases by 25% by 2025.

BED ALLOCATION

The policy  aims to ensure availability of 2 beds per 1000 population distributed in a manner to enable access within golden hour.

Non Communicable Diseases

This policy focuses on tackling the emerging challenge of non-communicable diseases. It supports an integrated approach where screening for the most prevalent NCDs with secondary prevention would make a significant impact on reduction of morbidity and preventable mortality.

Integration of AYUSH

The policy envisages a three dimensional integration of AYUSH systems encompassing cross referrals, co-location and integrative practices across systems of medicines. This has a huge potential for effective prevention and therapy,that is safe and cost-effective. Yoga would be introduced much more widely in school and work places as part of promotion of good health.

Regulatory Environment

To improve and strengthen the regulatory environment, the policy seeks putting in place systems for setting standards and ensuring quality of health care. The policy is patient centric and empowers the patient for resolution of all their problems. The policy also looks at reforms in the existing regulatory systems both for easing manufacturing of drugs and device s, to promote Make in India, as also for reforming medical education. The policy, has at its centre, the person, who seeks and needs medical care.

Human Resources

The policy advocates development of cadre of mid-level service providers, nurse practitioners, public health cadre to improve availability of appropriate health human resource.

Source: PTI
8 comment(s) on Union Cabinet clears National Health Policy, Check out the highlights

Share your Opinion Disclaimer

Sort by: Newest | Oldest | Most Voted
  1. user
    Dr Rajendra Agarwal March 20, 2017, 6:07 am

    The safety of doctors and healthcare personnel should be addressed in the policy

  2. user
    Dr Sangeeta sharma March 19, 2017, 5:55 pm

    Truly the toughest profession!! That\’s the reason more and more youngsters are moving away from it. No job placements for postgrads even from prestigious institutes like AIIMS, PGI as you have for IITs. So please the least which should be done at the earliest : More post graduate seats
    More jobs for doctors
    Better, more humane working duty hours for residents and doctors to increase work efficiency as even doctors are humans and need adequate rest.
    There\’s not even a clean toilet for our residents and doctors on duty when we are talking about Seach Bharat!!

  3. That the chunk of provisions has been made for primary care is an extremely welcome measure. All major challenges for healthcare in India appear to have been addressed adequately and equitably is to be appreciated. That the National Health Policy is in place by itself is an important development. However the biggest factor is bridging the gap between planning and achieving the
    targets set ; that demands commitment and dedicated efforts at all levels. Prof M E Yeolekar , Mumbai.

  4. user
    Purushottam Darakh March 17, 2017, 6:48 pm

    There is nothing new in the national health scheme on clinical aspects, Only targets in preventive and social aspects of medicine are revised and yoga is a new addition.Integration of AYUSH envisages a three dimensional integration and encompassing of cross referrals, co-location and integrative practices across systems of medicines is not yet demarcated distinctly.The national health scheme is multifolded and has pressing demands in many more aspects.

  5. user
    Dr Ramesh Vardhan March 17, 2017, 5:06 pm

    It took more than 70 Years come out National Health policy. What a Shame?. According to Me ours is the most unorganized HEALTH CARE SYSTEM in the world. The huge gap between the Have-nots and the Haves. The one with money can get his penis enlargement . On the other side the poor is loaded communicable diseases starting from Digestive, Respiratory, sexually transmitted diseases. So on so forth . The preventive and protective and promotive measures are only on the Papers . HUGE amount Public money being wasted for propaganda. Which reminds me Soviet Union era, Where they used spend Millions of Dollars for propaganda, and end was only to split the Union into many countries , which are having problems with one another even today. ( Ukraine, chaciniya , Russian conflict). Coming back to our health policies rather failed ones : we have Highest number of DISEASES in world, DESPITE HAVING Highest number of Medical colleges, DOCTORS and hospitals, Nursing homes at every nook and corner of town . . With false claims , by display of advertising billboards with lovely looking white man , women all around the corner, clime to treat -Hert Diseases , spinal injuries, treatment of cancer. And joint replacement surgeries , I C U care And CT and MRI scan with out a well TRAINED Radiologistsand despite not having a Skilled,FULL time Doctors even provide minimum care needed . When we looked at List DOCTORS ,it surprises to see the Names of Dead ones. When it comes to the Government HOSPITALS , one can see so many so called tiny vans labelled as AMBULANCE waiting to steel/ Robb the patients to near by Nursing Homes , Scanning centers, and laboratories from the Government HOSPITALS, invariably Managed ( MISMANAGED). by the Hospital staff/ Faculty Members. Overall the patients are looted with unwanted/ irrelevant investigations, loaded with Tonics, Tablets and capsules with a complimentary Prick to Buttock ( shot on the bump). Such silly and stupid PRACTICES are more likely to bugger up the exciting problems instead of cure or improvement. This is our health care and our policies. I hope things could change in future for the Good with implement of New , efficient and effective policies by the present Government. The propaganda by Displaying of photos of irrelevant PEOPLE , whether it a P M or C M should be Stopped at once. I have seen them disappearing from scene for ever or being insignificant. Let them not project be the Demigods .

MORE FROM MEDICAL DIALOGUES