GA linked with increased risk of CVA in patients of hip fracture : Study

Published On 2022-01-03 03:30 GMT   |   Update On 2022-01-03 05:50 GMT

General anesthesia is a risk factor affecting the occurrence of cerebrovascular accidents in hip fracture patients, according to a recent study published in the Journal of Healthcare Engineering. General anesthesia is an important factor leading to postoperative complications, and cerebrovascular accidents take the first place in the causes of postoperative death. Therefore, it...

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General anesthesia is a risk factor affecting the occurrence of cerebrovascular accidents in hip fracture patients, according to a recent study published in the Journal of Healthcare Engineering.

General anesthesia is an important factor leading to postoperative complications, and cerebrovascular accidents take the first place in the causes of postoperative death. Therefore, it is extremely important to explore the correlation between general anesthesia and the occurrence of cerebrovascular accidents in hip fracture patients.

A group of researchers conducted a study to explore the association between general anesthesia and the occurrence of cerebrovascular accidents in hip fracture patients.

The data of 240 hip fracture patients treated in our hospital from February 2017 to February 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, and the patients were divided into the general anesthesia group (n = 120) and nongeneral anesthesia group (n = 120) according to whether or not they received general anesthesia, so as to compare their incidence rate of cerebrovascular accidents between the two groups, record their hemodynamic changes, and analyze the association between various risk factors under general anesthesia and the occurrence of cerebrovascular accidents.

Results of the study are:

No statistical differences in patients' general information such as age and gender between the two groups were observed (P > 0.05); compared with the nongeneral anesthesia group, the incidence rate of cerebrovascular accidents was significantly higher in the general anesthesia group (P < 0.001); between the two groups, the heart rates and mean arterial pressure (MAP) at 15 min after anesthesia, at the time of skin incision, and 15 min before the end of surgery were significantly different (P < 0.05); according to the multiple logistic regression analysis, general anesthesia was a risk factor affecting the occurrence of cerebrovascular accidents in hip fracture patients, and under general anesthesia, age ≥80 years, BMI ≥23 kg/m2, types of anesthetic drugs ≥4, intraoperative blood pressure ≥140 mmHg, and intraoperative heart rate ≥80 bpm were also regarded as the risk factors.

Thus, the researchers concluded that General anesthesia is a risk factor affecting the occurrence of cerebrovascular accidents in hip fracture patients, and under general anesthesia, age ≥80 years, BMI ≥23 kg/m2, types of anesthetic drugs ≥4, intraoperative blood pressure ≥140 mmHg, and intraoperative heart rate ≥80 bpm will further increase the possibility of cerebrovascular accidents.

Reference:

Association between General Anesthesia and the Occurrence of Cerebrovascular Accidents in Hip Fracture Patients by Hu Wang and Lingyan Gaocor published in the Journal of Healthcare Engineering.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8710151/


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Article Source : Journal of Healthcare Engineering

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