Passive heat exposure increases stress on heart, posing risk to adults with history of CAD: Study

Published On 2024-06-12 04:30 GMT   |   Update On 2024-06-12 05:10 GMT

A laboratory controlled experiment including both healthy adults and adults with coronary artery disease (CAD) found that passive heat exposure was enough to increase myocardial blood flow (MBF) in all participants, regardless of age and health status, creating significant stress on the heart. The authors observed asymptomatic heat-induced myocardial ischemia in some participants with CAD, suggesting that these adults may benefit from minimizing cardiac strain during extreme heat by staying cool. The study is published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Researchers from the Montreal Heart Institute conducted an experimental study comprised of 20 healthy young adults, 21 healthy older adults, and 20 older adults with CAD to quantify the MBF requirements of heat exposure. In a laboratory setting, participants were heated until their core temperature increased 1.5 degrees Celsius (C), and their MBF was measured before exposure and at every increase of 0.5 degrees C to their core temperature. The authors found that MBF increased in all participants when their body temperature increased by 1.5 degrees C. The authors additionally observed that 7 participants with CAD experienced asymptomatic heat-induced myocardial ischemia based on imaging evidence.

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An accompanying editorial from Annals of Internal Medicine and the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine puts the study findings in context. Given the global rise in average temperature, which has increased heat-related morbidity and mortality, identifying susceptible individuals, including those with obstructive coronary epicardial stenosis or microvascular dysfunction, is imperative. Heat exposure can cause significant stress on the heart leading to a supply–demand mismatch in vessels exhibiting flow-limiting disease. If sustained in time or potentially with repeated exposures, this can result in symptomatic or silent ischemia and explain, at least in part, the increased risk for adverse cardiovascular events observed with heat exposure in population studies. The authors advise that physicians counsel at-risk patients about the harms of excess temperature, including how to identify hyperthermia and the importance of adopting preventive measures.

Reference:

Hadiatou Barry, Josep Iglesies-Grau, Georgia K. Chaseling, Jade Paul, Camila Gosselin, Caroline D’Oliviera-Sousa, Martin Juneau, MD, Francois Harel, David Kaiser, Matthieu Pelletier-Galarneau, The Effect of Heat Exposure on Myocardial Blood Flow and Cardiovascular Function, Annals of Internal Medicine, https://doi.org/10.7326/M24-3504.

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Article Source : Annals of Internal Medicine

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