Antibiotics use for Dental Pain and Swelling: JADA Guidelines

Published On 2022-01-11 00:30 GMT   |   Update On 2022-01-11 00:36 GMT

Antibiotics for the target conditions may provide negligible benefits and probably contribute to large harms, to avoid this a group of researchers published clinical recommendations in the journal of the American Dental Association.An expert panel convened by the American Dental Association Council on Scientific Affairs and the Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry conducted a systematic...

Login or Register to read the full article

Antibiotics for the target conditions may provide negligible benefits and probably contribute to large harms, to avoid this a group of researchers published clinical recommendations in the journal of the American Dental Association.

An expert panel convened by the American Dental Association Council on Scientific Affairs and the Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry conducted a systematic review and formulated clinical recommendations for the urgent management of symptomatic irreversible pulpitis with or without symptomatic apical periodontitis, pulp necrosis and symptomatic apical periodontitis, or pulp necrosis and localized acute apical abscess using antibiotics, either alone or as adjuncts to definitive, conservative dental treatment (DCDT) in immunocompetent adults.

Types of Studies Reviewed

The authors conducted a search of the literature in MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature to retrieve evidence on benefits and harms associated with antibiotic use. The authors used the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach to assessing the certainty in the evidence and the Evidence-to-Decision framework.

Results

The panel formulated 5 clinical recommendations and 2 good practice statements, each specific to the target conditions, for settings in which DCDT is and is not immediately available. With likely negligible benefits and potentially large harms, the panel recommended against using antibiotics in most clinical scenarios, irrespective of DCDT availability. They recommended antibiotics in patients with systemic involvement (for example, malaise or fever) due to the dental conditions or when the risk of experiencing progression to systemic involvement is high.

Recommendations:

The expert panel recommends dentists do not prescribe oral systemic antibiotics for immunocompetent adults with SIP with or without SAP (strong recommendation, low certainty). Clinicians should refer patients for DCDT and provide interim monitoring

The expert panel suggests dentists do not prescribe oral systemic antibiotics for immunocompetent adults with PN-SAP (conditional recommendation, very low certainty). Clinicians should refer patients for DCDT and provide interim monitoring. If DCDT is not feasible, a delayed prescription for oral amoxicillin (500 milligrams, 3 times per d, 3-7 d) or oral penicillin V potassium (500 mg, 4 times per d, 3-7 d) should be provided

The expert panel suggests dentists prescribe oral amoxicillin (500 mg, 3 times per d, 3-7 d) or oral penicillin V potassium (500 mg, 4 times per d, 3-7 d) for immunocompetent adults with PN-LAAA (conditional recommendation, very low certainty). In addition, clinicians should provide urgent referral, because DCDT should not be delayed

The expert panel recommends dentists do not prescribe oral systemic antibiotics as an adjunct to DCDT for immunocompetent adults with PN-SAP or PN-LAAA (strong recommendation, very low certainty)

The expert panel suggests dentists do not prescribe oral systemic antibiotics as an adjunct to DCDT for immunocompetent adults with SIP with or without SAP (conditional recommendation, very low certainty)

Thus, the researchers concluded that evidence suggests that antibiotics for the target conditions may provide negligible benefits and probably contribute to large harms. The expert panel suggests that antibiotics for target conditions be used only when systemic involvement is present and that immediate DCDT should be prioritized in all cases.

Reference:

Evidence-based clinical practice guideline on antibiotic use for the urgent management of pulpal- and periapical-related dental pain and intraoral swelling: A report from the American Dental Association by Peter B. Lockhart, et al.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adaj.2019.08.020


Tags:    
Advertisement
Article Source : The journal of American Dental Association

Disclaimer: This site is primarily intended for healthcare professionals. Any content/information on this website does not replace the advice of medical and/or health professionals and should not be construed as medical/diagnostic advice/endorsement or prescription. Use of this site is subject to our terms of use, privacy policy, advertisement policy. © 2020 Minerva Medical Treatment Pvt Ltd

Our comments section is governed by our Comments Policy . By posting comments at Medical Dialogues you automatically agree with our Comments Policy , Terms And Conditions and Privacy Policy .

Similar News