Disinhibited eating, anxiety and depression noted in youth genetically predisposed to type 2 diabetes: Study
USA: A recent study showed that youth with a parent with type 2 diabetes (P-T2D) reported higher symptoms of depression and anxiety and disinhibited eating behaviors versus those without P-T2D. The study appears in the journal Pediatric Diabetes.
Previous studies have reported a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes aming children whose parents have type 2 diabetes. However, it is not known if youth with P-T2D reported greater psychological and behavioral symptoms compared to those without a P-T2D. To find more about the topic, Taylor N. Swanson, Metis Foundation, San Antonio, Texas, USA, and colleagues aimed to compare youth with and without a P-T2D on symptoms of negative affect and disinhibited-eating.
For this purpose, 932 youth (13.3 ± 2.6 years; BMIz 1.06 ± 1.06; 67.8% female; 53.6% people of color; 10.7% with a P-T2D) completed questionnaires of anxiety and depressive symptoms, eating in the absence of hunger, and emotional-eating. Loss-of-control (LOC)-eating was assessed by interview.
In two separate subsamples, the researchers explored energy intake using laboratory test meals simulating eating in the absence of hunger and LOC-eating, respectively.
The study revealed the following findings:
- Adjusting for all covariates including adiposity and IR, compared to youth without a P-T2D, youth with a P-T2D reported more anxiety and depression symptoms, greater eating in the absence of hunger, and emotional-eating.
- No significant differences were found for LOC-eating, or in exploratory analyses of energy intake for either test meal.
"Self-reported negative affect and disinhibited-eating may be higher among youth with P-T2D compared to those without P-T2D," the authors wrote. "Prospective studies should examine, among those with a P-T2D, what role such symptoms may play for their subsequent risk for T2D."
The study titled, "A comparison of negative affect and disinhibited eating between children with and without parents with type 2 diabetes," is published in the journal Pediatric Diabetes.