NMC Bill provides that the National Entrance Test, that is NEET, common counselling, and National Exit Test (NEXT) shall also be applicable to Institute of National Importance (INI) like AIIMS to have common MBBS standards in the country
New Delhi: Calling for a balanced uniformity in the Indian Medical Education System, the Union Cabinet has given its nod to the National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill, 2019 that calls for a common final year MBBS exam for all medicos in the country, whether they are from remote private medical colleges or from prestigious institutes at AIIMS.
The said exam, which will also serve as a licentiate-cum-PG medical entrance exam, will be called National Exit Test (NEXT) will replace NEET PG exam, effectively doing away with the need for a separate exam for PG medical entrances. Besides, in a move which will also bring relief to thousands of foreign medical graduates who face a low passing rate allegedly due to a tough FMGE examination, the same NEXT exam will also replace FMGE exam bringing a sense of uniformity to those MBBS pass outs who have pursued their graduation abroad and now wish to come to practice in India.
Every year 80,000 students take admission into MBBS courses in about 480 medical colleges in the country, while 1.5 lakh students appear for entrance exams for admission to around 50,000 PG seats.
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Salient Features of the NMC Bill 2019
- The common final year MBBS exam, to be known as the National Exit Test, would serve as licentiate exam, as screening test for foreign medical graduates and for admission to PG medical courses.
- The Bill provides that the National Entrance Test, that is NEET, common counselling, and National Exit Test (NEXT) shall also be applicable to Institute of National Importance (INI) like AIIMS to have common standards in the country
- The Commission will also regulate fee and all other charges for 50 percent seats in private medical colleges and deemed universities.
- Medical Assessment and Rating Board (MARB) will conduct an assessment to the medical college and develop a system of ranking of medical colleges which would enable the students to choose the medical college wisely.
- These measures through an autonomous commission will ensure a transparent admission process and also reduce admission fee, as we have long been talking about fee regulation in private colleges
Implementation of the NMC Bill
- National Medical Commission will have four autonomous boards — Under Graduate Medical Education Board, Post-Graduate Medical Education Board, Medical Assessment and Rating Board and Ethical and Medical Registration Board.
- The National Medical Commission and the autonomous boards will ensure a dynamic and modern educational environment, reduce emphasis on physical infrastructure, achieve global standards and bring in an effective grievance redressal mechanism.
- Greater representation to elected members through State Medical Councils have been provided in the Medical Advisory Council and the commission.
- The strength of the autonomous boards have been increased from three to five and it includes two part-time members, of whom one doctor would be selected by the government and the other elected from the State Medical Council.
- The Medical Assessment and Rating Board will grant permission to medical colleges for starting PG course and for increasing the number of seats based on the standards set by the undergraduate and postgraduate boards.
- The annual renewal of permission for new medical colleges before recognition is being done away with in the Bill.