Fluoride varnish reapplication helps reduce enamel demineralization, Study says
Reapplication of the CPP-ACP fluoride varnish every 4-6 weeks, is more effective in reducing enamel demineralization compared to every 12 weeks, suggests a study recently published in the Journal of Dentistry.
Moufida Abufarwa and associates from the Department of Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University College of Dentistry, Dallas, United States evaluated the preventive effects of different time intervals between repeated applications of the CPP-ACP fluoride varnish on enamel demineralization.
Human teeth were sectioned and randomly allocated to three groups: 4-week, 6-week, and 12-week with 22 placed in each group. Baseline images of the enamel surfaces were obtained using the FluoreCam recording the area, intensity, and impact of baseline enamel demineralization.
All groups received fluoride varnish applications at the beginning of the experiment. The varnish was reapplied every 4 or 6 weeks in the 4-week and 6-week groups, respectively.
Following each application, the groups underwent thermo-cycling, tooth brushing and pH cycling to simulate the time effect. After 12 weeks, the enamel surfaces were reimaged using the FluoreCam. Within and between-group differences in the area, intensity and impact of demineralization were evaluated.
The results showed that-
a. At baseline, there were no significant between-group differences for area, intensity, or impact.
b. Statistically significant (p<0.001) enamel demineralization occurred over time within each group.
c. There were significant between-group differences in the changes that occurred in area (P = 0.004), impact (P = 0.022), but not intensity.
d. The 12-week had significantly larger areas of demineralization than the 6-week (P = 0.041) and 4-week (P = 0.001) groups.
e. Changes in impact was significantly (P = 0.007) greater in the 12-week group than 4-week group, but not greater than the 6-week group.
f. There were no statistically significant differences between 4- and 6-week groups in the changes of area, intensity, or impact.
Therefore, the authors concluded that "reapplication of the CPP-ACP fluoride varnish every 4–6 weeks, is more effective in reducing enamel demineralization compared to every 12 weeks."