HbA1c levels are positively correlated with periodontitis severity before diabetes onset: Study
Italy: Before diabetes onset, HbA1c levels are positively associated with the severity of periodontitis, a recent study in Clinical Oral Investigations has found. Periodontitis (also called gum disease) is a serious gum infection that damages the soft tissue and if left untreated can destroy the bone that supports teeth. Periodontitis can cause teeth to loosen or lead to tooth...
Italy: Before diabetes onset, HbA1c levels are positively associated with the severity of periodontitis, a recent study in Clinical Oral Investigations has found.
Periodontitis (also called gum disease) is a serious gum infection that damages the soft tissue and if left untreated can destroy the bone that supports teeth. Periodontitis can cause teeth to loosen or lead to tooth loss.
The objective of the cross-sectional study conducted by Gaetano Isola, University of Catania, Catania, Italy, and colleagues was to investigate the association between serum glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels and periodontal status in patients with periodontitis (CP) and periodontally healthy controls. The researchers also determined if periodontitis influenced the serum HbA1c levels.
For this purpose, the researchers enrolled a total of 93 patients with CP and 95 periodontally healthy subjects using a cross-sectional design. The patients were examined at baseline and characterized on a regular basis for blood serum parameters and non-fasting blood sample levels. A full periodontal examination was performed on all patients. Clinical attachment loss (CAL) was the primary outcome variable chosen. In order to assess the relationship between HbA1c levels and periodontitis, the spearman correlation, a stepwise multivariable linear regression, and Jonckheere-Terpstra tests were applied.
Key findings include:
- Patients in the CP group presented a significantly higher median serum level of HbA1c [40.9 mmol/mol)] compared to patients in the healthy control group [35.3 mmol/mol)].
- HbA1c levels were negatively correlated with the number of teeth and positively correlated with C-reactive protein levels and all periodontal parameters.
- There was a significant decrease in the number of teeth when HbA1c levels increased, while there was a significant increase in periodontal parameters (CAL); PD; BOP) when levels of HbA1c increased.
The researchers wrote, "patients with CP and undiagnosed diabetes presented significantly higher serum levels of HbA1c compared to periodontally healthy controls."
"The presence of periodontitis was positively correlated with serum HbA1c levels before diabetes onset," they concluded.
Isola, G., Matarese, G., Ramaglia, L. et al. Association between periodontitis and glycosylated haemoglobin before diabetes onset: a cross-sectional study. Clin Oral Invest 24, 2799–2808 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00784-019-03143-0
Medha, MSc. Biotechnology
Medha Baranwal joined Medical Dialogues as an Editor in 2018 for Speciality Medical Dialogues. She covers several medical specialties including Cardiac Sciences, Dentistry, Diabetes and Endo, Diagnostics, ENT, Gastroenterology, Neurosciences, and Radiology. She has completed her Bachelors in Biomedical Sciences from DU and then pursued Masters in Biotechnology from Amity University. She has a working experience of 5 years in the field of medical research writing, scientific writing, content writing, and content management. She can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org. Contact no. 011-43720751