Surface treatment of Definitive and interim restorative materials decreases intraoral scanning accuracy
Definitive and interim materials tested decrease intraoral scanning accuracy, according to a recent study published in the Journal of Dentistry. A study was conducted to analyze the influence of the restorative material type (definitive and interim) and its surface treatment (polished or glazed) on the scanning accuracy of an intraoral scanner. A mandibular dental typodont containing...
Definitive and interim materials tested decrease intraoral scanning accuracy, according to a recent study published in the Journal of Dentistry.
A study was conducted to analyze the influence of the restorative material type (definitive and interim) and its surface treatment (polished or glazed) on the scanning accuracy of an intraoral scanner.
A mandibular dental typodont containing 3 typodont teeth (left second premolar and left first and second molars) was used for testing. Ten groups were created based on the crown material: typodont tooth (control group), gold (G group), zirconia (Z group), lithium disilicate (LD group), hybrid ceramic (HC group), composite resin (CR group), conventional PMMA (CNV-PMMA group), bis-acryl composite resin (CNV-BA group), milled PMMA (M-PMMA group), and additively manufactured bis-acryl-based polymer (AM-BA group). Except the G group, groups were subdivided into polished (P subgroups) or glazed (G subgroups). Each specimen was digitized by using an extraoral scanner (D1000; 3Shape A/G) and an intraoral scanner (TRIOS 4; 3Shape). Each reference scan was used to measure the discrepancy with the corresponding 15 intraoral scans by calculating the root mean square (RMS) error (Geomagic; 3D Systems). The Welch ANOVA and Games-Howell tests were selected to examine trueness (α=0.05). The F-test with Bonferroni correction was used to evaluate precision.
Results of the study are:
- Significant trueness and precision differences were found (P<.001).
- The G-P subgroup had the lowest trueness values, while the CNV-PMMA-P, M-PMMA-P, and AM-BA-P subgroups had the highest trueness values.
- Significant RMS mean discrepancies were computed when comparing polished and glazed specimens fabricated with the same material (P<.001).
- The CNV-PMMA-G subgroup had the lowest precision values, while the CNV-BA-P subgroup had the highest precision values (P<.001).
Thus, the type and surface finishing of the restorative materials tested influenced the scanning accuracy of the IOS tested. The lowest trueness values were found in the high noble alloy specimens, while the highest trueness values were measured in conventional and milled PMMA and additively manufactured bis-acryl-based polymer polished specimens. Except for zirconia crowns, higher trueness values were found in polished specimens when compared with glazed crowns. The CNV-PMMA-G subgroup had the lowest precision values, while the highest precision values were measured in the CNV-BA-P subgroup.
Influence of definitive and interim restorative materials and surface finishing on the scanning accuracy of an intraoral scanner by MartaRevilla-León et al. published in the Journal of Dentistry.
Dr. Shravani Dali has completed her BDS from Pravara institute of medical sciences, loni. Following which she extensively worked in the healthcare sector for 2+ years. She has been actively involved in writing blogs in field of health and wellness. Currently she is pursuing her Masters of public health-health administration from Tata institute of social sciences. She can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org.