Panhypopituitarism mimicking symptoms of heart attack: A case report
Japan: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a fatal disease, the authors however suggest that clinicians must not discount panhypopituitarism as it may mimic the symptoms of ACS -- is the conclusion from a case study. The article was published in the journal Internal Medicine and was reported by Yoshito Sugi, Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Kobe...
Japan: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a fatal disease, the authors however suggest that clinicians must not discount panhypopituitarism as it may mimic the symptoms of ACS -- is the conclusion from a case study.
The article was published in the journal Internal Medicine and was reported by Yoshito Sugi, Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan.
The case in question is of a 59-year-old man suspected of having myocardial infarction with sinus bradycardia, a decreased blood pressure, and ST-change on an electrocardiogram was referred to the hospital's emergency department.
No significant findings were revealed on emergent coronary angiography. The patient however experienced shock and required intensive care. Curiosity rose when his urination volume was not disturbed; we suspected hormonal abnormalities. A hormonal examination and imaging analysis revealed panhypopituitarism caused by a Rathke's cyst. Appropriate hormonal replacement therapy improved his symptoms and led to the normalization of his electrocardiogram findings.
Based on the study of the patient, the researchers conclude, "acute coronary syndrome is a fatal disease; however, clinicians must not discount panhypopituitarism, as it may mimic ACS symptoms."
What is panhypopituitarism?
Panhypopituitarism is a condition of inadequate or absent production of the anterior pituitary hormones. It is commonly the result of other problems that affect the pituitary gland and either reduce or destroy its function or interfere with hypothalamic secretion of the varying pituitary-releasing hormones. Panhypopituitarism as a complication of myocardial infarction (MI) is very rare.
Relation between pituitary gland and heart
The intricate relationship between the pituitary and heart is well-known. While hypopituitarism makes the patients prone to cardiovascular (CV) diseases and may present with predominant CV manifestations, several CV disorders are associated with perturbations of single or multiple hypothalamic-pituitary–end-organ axes either as a physiologic response or pathological consequences.
Sugi, Yoshito, et al. "Panhypopituitarism Mimicking Acute Coronary Syndrome." Internal Medicine (Tokyo, Japan), 2022.
Medha, MSc. Biotechnology
Medha Baranwal joined Medical Dialogues as an Editor in 2018 for Speciality Medical Dialogues. She covers several medical specialties including Cardiac Sciences, Dentistry, Diabetes and Endo, Diagnostics, ENT, Gastroenterology, Neurosciences, and Radiology. She has completed her Bachelors in Biomedical Sciences from DU and then pursued Masters in Biotechnology from Amity University. She has a working experience of 5 years in the field of medical research writing, scientific writing, content writing, and content management. She can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org. Contact no. 011-43720751