High Recurrent Stroke Risk in Patients With a Carotid Web: JAMA
Recent research has highlighted that 1 of 6 patients with a symptomatic carotid web(CW ) had a recurrent stroke within 2 years, suggesting that medical management alone may not provide sufficient protection for patients with CW. The findings have been put forth in JAMA Neurology.
A carotid web (CW) is a shelf-like lesion along the posterior wall of the internal carotid artery bulb and an underrecognized cause of young stroke. Several studies suggest that patients with symptomatic CW have a high risk of recurrent stroke, but high-quality data are lacking.
Researchers undertook the current study to assess the 2-year risk of recurrent stroke in patients with a symptomatic CW.
For the study design, A comparative cohort study used data from the MR CLEAN trial (from 2010-2014) and MR CLEAN Registry (from 2014-2017). Data were analyzed in September 2020. The MR CLEAN trial and MR CLEAN Registry were nationwide prospective multicenter studies on endovascular treatment (EVT) of large vessel occlusion (LVO) stroke in the Netherlands. Baseline data were from 3439 consecutive adult patients with anterior circulation LVO stroke and available computed tomography (CT)–angiography of the carotid bulb. Two neuroradiologists reevaluated CT-angiography images for presence or absence of CW and identified 30 patients with CW ipsilateral to the index stroke. For these 30 eligible CW participants, detailed follow-up data regarding stroke recurrence within 2 years were acquired. These 30 patients with CW ipsilateral to the index stroke were compared with 168 patients without CW who participated in the MR CLEAN extended follow-up trial and who were randomized to the EVT arm.
The primary outcome was recurrent stroke occurring within 2 years after the index stroke.
Results revealed some interesting facts.
- Of 3439 patients with baseline CT-angiography assessed, the median age was 72 years (interquartile range, 61-80 years) and 1813 (53%) were men.
- Patients with CW were younger (median age, 57 [interquartile range, 46-66] years vs 66 [interquartile range, 56-77] years; P = .02 and more often women (22 of 30 [73%] vs 67 of 168 [40%]; P = .001) than patients without CW.
- Twenty-eight of 30 patients (93%) received medical management after the index stroke (23 with antiplatelet therapy and 5 with anticoagulant therapy).
- During 2 years of follow-up, 5 of 30 patients (17%) with CW had a recurrent stroke compared with 5 of 168 patients (3%) without CW (adjusted hazard ratio, 4.9; 95% CI, 1.4-18.1).
For full article follow the link: doi:10.1001/jamaneurol.2021.1101
Source: JAMA Neurology