Depressive patients presenting for spine surgery have lower activation, finds study
Patients with a greater burden of depressive symptoms had lower patient activation; conversely, women and those with higher income had greater patient activation, reports a study conducted at the Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.
The study is published in the Journal of Orthopedics.
Emmanuel L.McNeely and associates investigated the associations of sociodemographic characteristics and Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) domain scores with patient activation among patients presenting for surgery at a university-affiliated spine center.
The authors included a total of 1018 patients, all of whom completed a survey collecting demographic and social information. Patients also completed the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) and Patient Activation Measure questionnaires.
The associations of PROMIS scores and sociodemographic characteristics with patient activation were assessed using linear and ordinal logistic regression (patient activation stage as ordinal).
Most were white (84%), married (73%), and female (52%). Patients were distributed among the 4 activation stages as follows: stage I, 7.7%; stage II, 12%; stage III, 26%; and stage IV, 55%. Mean (±standard deviation) patient activation score was 70 ± 17 points.
The following findings were highlighted-
- Female sex (adjusted coefficient [AC] = 4.3; 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.1, 6.4) and annual household income >$80,000 (OR = 3.7; 95% CI 0.54, 6.9) were associated with higher patient activation scores.
- Lower patient activation scores were associated with worse PROMIS Depression (AC = −0.31; 95% CI −0.48, −0.14), Fatigue (OR = −0.19; 95% CI −0.33, −0.05), Pain (OR = 0.22; 95 % CI 0.01, 0.43), and Social Satisfaction (OR = 0.33; 95% CI 0.14, 0.51) scores.
Hence, the authors concluded that depression and socioeconomic status, along with PROMIS Pain, Fatigue, and Social Satisfaction domains, were associated with patient activation. Patients with a greater burden of depressive symptoms had lower patient activation; conversely, women and those with higher income had greater patient activation."
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