Patients of Medial clavicle fractures get relief by 1 year but have high mortality: Study
Recent research has suggested that medial clavicle fractures have favorable functional outcomes and pain relief at minimum 1-year follow-up among those patients who survive the trauma, but a high proportion will die within 3 years of the injury. These findings have been put forth in Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research.
Medial clavicle fractures are uncommon, occurring in older and multiply injured patients. The management of these fractures and the factors that predispose toward poor outcomes are controversial. Furthermore, the functional outcomes of treatment are not well characterized or correlated with fracture patterns.
A team of researchers recently undertook the current study with the aims -(1) To determine minimum 1-year functional outcomes using QuickDASH scores and pain scores after medial clavicle fractures and (2) to identify factors associated with these outcome variables.
In an institutional review board–approved, retrospective study, the team identified adult patients with medial clavicle fractures at two tertiary care referral centers in a single metropolitan area in the United States from January 2010 to March 2019. Initial query identified 1950 patients with clavicle fractures, from which 74 adult patients with medial clavicle fractures and at least 1 year of follow-up were identified. Demographic characteristics, fracture characteristics, and clinical and radiographic union as assessed by plain radiography and CT were collected through record review.
Twenty-nine patients were treated nonoperatively and two patients underwent open reduction internal fixation. Sixty-eight percent (21 of 31) of the included patients also had radiographic follow-up at least 6 weeks postoperatively; two patients had persistent nonunion at a mean of 5 ± 3 years after injury. Primary response variable was the QuickDASH score at a minimum of 1 year (median [range] 5 years [2 to 10]). Secondary response variable was the pain score on a 10-point Likert scale.
Results highlighted some key facts.
- The mean QuickDASH score was 12 ± 15, and the mean pain score was 1 ± 1 at a mean of 5 ± 3 years after injury.
- The mortality rate of the cohort was 15% (11 of 74) at 1 year, 22% (16 of 74) at 3 years, and 34% (25 of 74) at 5 years after injury.
- With the numbers available, no factors were associated with the QuickDASH score or pain score, but it is likely we were underpowered to detect potentially important differences.
"This likely reflects both the frailty of a predominantly older patient population and the fact that these often are high-energy injuries. The outcome measures in our cohort were not associated with fracture displacement, shortening, or comminution; however, our sample size was underpowered on these points, and so these findings should be considered preliminary. Further studies are needed to determine the subset of patients with this injury who would benefit from surgical intervention."the team concluded.
For full article, follow the link: 10.1097/CORR.0000000000001839
Source : Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research