Zoledronic acid therapy for osteoporosis may raise risk of incident AF: Study
Bisphosphonates, such as intravenous zoledronic acid (ZA) or oral alendronate, are commonly used as initial therapy for osteoporosis and malignancy-related bone disease.Although bisphosphonates are highly efficacious and generally safe, there remain specific safety concerns, including atypical femoral fractures, osteonecrosis of the jaw, and increased atrial fibrillation (AF).
In a recent development, researchers have found that Compared with denosumab, zoledronic acid (ZA) therapy for osteoporosis and possibly for malignancy-related bone disease is associated with modestly increased risk for incident atrial fibrillation (AFib) in the first year of treatment.the findings of the study have been published in Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.
Researchers under Kristin M D'Silva undertook the study To examine the risk of incident AF among patients receiving ZA compared with denosumab in the first year of treatment.
The team performed a new-user, active comparator cohort study including privately insured Americans between January 1, 2010, and June 30, 2019. Individuals aged ≥50 years without known arrhythmia or advanced kidney disease who initiated ZA were 1:1 propensity score (PS)-matched to individuals initiating denosumab in separate osteoporosis and malignancy cohorts. The primary outcome was incident diagnosis of AF (≥1 inpatient or ≥2 outpatient diagnostic codes) over 1 year. Secondary outcomes included stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA) and nonvertebral fracture. In the osteoporosis cohort (n = 16,235 pairs), mean age was 71 years, and 93% were female. There was higher risk of AF with ZA compared with denosumab over 1 year (incidence rate [IR] = 18.6 versus 14.9 per 1000 person-years; hazard ratio [HR] = 1.25; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.04 to 1.50).
Data analysis revealed the following facts.
- In the malignancy cohort (n = 7732 pairs), mean age was 70 years, and 66% were female.
- There was a numerically higher, albeit not statistically significant, risk of AF with ZA compared with denosumab over 1 year (IR = 46.9 versus 39.0 per 1000 person-years; HR = 1.19; 95% CI 1.00 to 1.43; p = 0.06).
- No difference in stroke/TIA rates occurred. In the malignancy cohort, ZA was less effective than denosumab at preventing nonvertebral fractures (HR = 1.32; 95% CI 1.01 to 1.74).
- Compared with denosumab, ZA treatment for osteoporosis and possibly for malignancy-related bone disease is associated with modestly increased risk of incident AF in the first year of treatment.
For full article follow the link: doi: 10.1002/jbmr.4174.
Primary source: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research