Chitosan supplementation beneficial adjunctive treatment for obesity among teenagers
Tehran, Iran: Chitosan supplementation in obese or overweight adolescents can improve appetite-related hormones (leptin, adiponectin, and NPY) and cardiometabolic parameters (glycemic markers and anthropometric indicators of lipid and obesity), a recent study has stated. The researchers in their study, published in BMC Pediatrics, add that these effects should not be taken as...
Tehran, Iran: Chitosan supplementation in obese or overweight adolescents can improve appetite-related hormones (leptin, adiponectin, and NPY) and cardiometabolic parameters (glycemic markers and anthropometric indicators of lipid and obesity), a recent study has stated.
The researchers in their study, published in BMC Pediatrics, add that these effects should not be taken as a magic bullet for diabetes management; rather, they should be taken as an adjuvant. "Such a strategy should be planned mainly in combination with a physical exercise and hypocaloric diet supervised by proper healthy professionals," they wrote.
Obesity in childhood often extends into childhood; about 80% of children with obesity are affected by obesity in childhood. Owing to the problem of non-adherence to nutrition-based therapies in children, an increment of functional foodstuffs or supplements may be conceivable in this setting instead of the concept of food restriction. Proper intake of fibers is recognizably linked with reduced obesity risk and seems to be viable for diabetes management in the pediatric population.
Chitosan is one such dietary fiber in the limelight for improving obesity-related markers, but little is known about its effects on adolescents. To fill this knowledge gap, Farzad Shidfar, Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, and colleagues aimed to determine the effects of chitosan supplementation on obesity-related cardiometabolic markers and appetite-related hormones in overweight or obese adolescents.
To achieve their objective, the researchers performed a randomized clinical trial on 64 obese or overweight adolescents. They were randomly allocated for 12 weeks to receive chitosan supplementation (n = 32) or placebo as control (n = 32). The researchers examined lipid and glycemic profiles, anthropometric measures, and appetite-related hormones.
Salient findings of the study:
· Sixty-one adolescents completed the study (chitosan = 31, placebo = 30).
· Chitosan supplementation significantly improved anthropometric indicators of obesity (waist circumference: − 5.00 ± 3.11 cm, body weight: − 3.58 ± 2.17 kg, and body mass index: − 1.61 ± 0.99 kg/m2), lipid (total cholesterol: − 14.12 ± 13.34, triglycerides: − 5.67 ± 9.24, LDL-C: − 7.18 ± 10.16, and HDL-C: 1.83 ± 4.64 mg/dL) and glycemic markers (insulin: − 5.51 ± 7.52 μIU/mL, fasting blood glucose: − 5.77 ± 6.93 mg/dL, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance: − 0.24 ± 0.44), and appetite-related hormones (adiponectin: 1.69 ± 2.13 ng/dL, leptin − 19.40 ± 16.89, and neuropeptide Y: − 41.96 ± 79.34 ng/dL).
· Chitosan supplementation, when compared with the placebo group, Chitosan supplementation had a more significant improvement in body mass index (kg/m2 and Z-score), body weight, waist circumference, and levels of adiponectin, insulin, and leptin.
· Differences were significant according to P-value < 0.05.
To conclude, chitosan supplementation can improve appetite-related hormones (leptin, adiponectin, and NPY) and cardiometabolic parameters (anthropometric indicators of lipid and obesity and glycemic markers) in adolescents with overweight or obesity.
Fatahi, S., Sayyari, A.A., Salehi, M. et al. The effects of chitosan supplementation on anthropometric indicators of obesity, lipid, and glycemic profiles, and appetite-regulated hormones in adolescents with overweight or obesity: a randomized, double-blind clinical trial. BMC Pediatr 22, 527 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-022-03590-x
Medha Baranwal joined Medical Dialogues as an Editor in 2018 for Speciality Medical Dialogues. She covers several medical specialties including Cardiac Sciences, Dentistry, Diabetes and Endo, Diagnostics, ENT, Gastroenterology, Neurosciences, and Radiology. She has completed her Bachelors in Biomedical Sciences from DU and then pursued Masters in Biotechnology from Amity University. She has a working experience of 5 years in the field of medical research writing, scientific writing, content writing, and content management. She can be contacted at email@example.com. Contact no. 011-43720751