Use of educational toys improves basic life support education in school children: Study
Spain: A recent study has shown that the use of specific didactic material with images forcing hands-on activity is more effective in teaching basic life support (BLS) skills to school children than a cuddly toy or manikin. The study is published in Pediatrics, the official journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics. Including basic life support training in the school curriculum with...
Spain: A recent study has shown that the use of specific didactic material with images forcing hands-on activity is more effective in teaching basic life support (BLS) skills to school children than a cuddly toy or manikin. The study is published in Pediatrics, the official journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Including basic life support training in the school curriculum with the support of other community strategies are highly correlated to an increase in bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Therefore, many schools in different parts of the world have implemented CPR education in the last decade. Cristina Varela-Casal, REMOSS Research Group, Faculty of Education and Sport Sciences, University of Vigo, Vigo, Spain, and colleagues aimed to compare traditional basic life support education with specific and innovative educative didactic material that has been previously designed and validated.
The study included 15 classes of schoolchildren aged 5 to 8 years (n = 237). They were randomly assigned to o 4 groups in which different didactic and complementary materials were used: (1) the Rescube tool with a cuddly toy (n = 61), (2) the Endless Book tool with a cuddly toy (n = 74), (3) traditional teaching with a cuddly toy (n = 46), and (4) traditional teaching with a manikin (n = 55).
Varela-Casal and the team then assessed BLS sequence at baseline (T0). Following this, children took part in a one-hour theory and practice session in their assigned training modality. BLS sequence was assessed again within one week (T1) and after one month (T2).
The research yielded the following findings:
- The 4 modalities were successful in improving children's skills when comparing T0 with both T1 and T2.
- At T2, more schoolchildren remembered the complete BLS sequence after using the Rescube (75%) compared with the number of schoolchildren who remember the complete BLS sequence after using the Endless Book (53%), a manikin (42%), or a cuddly toy (13%).
- A higher proportion of participants who used the Rescube correctly performed all the BLS steps analyzed compared with those who used only the manikin or a cuddly toy during the learning phase.
- The Endless Book was also more effective except for learning to check consciousness and breathing.
The researchers concluded, "using specific and adapted didactic materials (Rescube and Endless Book) led to better achievement of BLS learning and knowledge retention outcomes." They added that these new educational tools have the potential to substantially support BLS school education programs.
The study titled, "Teaching Basic Life Support to 5- to 8-Year-Old Children: A Cluster Randomized Trial," is published in the journal Pediatrics.
Medha Baranwal joined Medical Dialogues as an Editor in 2018 for Speciality Medical Dialogues. She covers several medical specialties including Cardiac Sciences, Dentistry, Diabetes and Endo, Diagnostics, ENT, Gastroenterology, Neurosciences, and Radiology. She has completed her Bachelors in Biomedical Sciences from DU and then pursued Masters in Biotechnology from Amity University. She has a working experience of 5 years in the field of medical research writing, scientific writing, content writing, and content management. She can be contacted at email@example.com. Contact no. 011-43720751