PET/CT helps assess early treatment response in multiple myeloma patients
USA: A recent study in the journal Blood Advances reveals that PET/CT can help in predicting which patients have better survival chances after starting multiple myeloma (MM) treatment. "A negative PET/CT signal at 6 months is linked to improved survival outcome in newly diagnosed MM patients and adds significant prognostic value to the biochemical response," Shaji K Kumar, Mayo Clinic,...
USA: A recent study in the journal Blood Advances reveals that PET/CT can help in predicting which patients have better survival chances after starting multiple myeloma (MM) treatment.
"A negative PET/CT signal at 6 months is linked to improved survival outcome in newly diagnosed MM patients and adds significant prognostic value to the biochemical response," Shaji K Kumar, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, United States, and colleagues wrote in their study.
Multiple Myeloma is a malignancy of plasma cells characterized by diverse clinical presentations. For monitoring treatment response, e biochemical assessment of disease activity is commonly utilized but findings on magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT), among other imaging modalities, have proven to harbor prognostic value.
Against the above background, Dr. Kumar and colleagues aimed to corroborate these findings by examining the prognostic significance of Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT scanning in the setting of newly diagnosed MM.
For this purpose, the researchers retrospectively analyzed 195 patients with a PET/CT available both at diagnosis and at 6 months post-treatment to examine PET/CT value as an adjuvant metric to conventional hematologic responses in terms of time to next treatment (TTNT) and overall survival (OS). The median TTNT and OS for the entire cohort were 24.6 and 79 months, respectively.
Salient findings of the study include:
- When comparing PET/CT (-) with PET/CT (+) patients, the researchers found significantly prolonged median TTNT (55.2 vs. 17.8 months) and OS (unreached vs. 60.8 months) for the PET/CT (-) group.
- By examining the additive value of PET/CT on the hematologic response achieved at 6 months, the researchers found that PET/CT (-) is associated with significantly increased median TTNT and OS for both the very good partial response (VGPR) group and the less than VGPR group.
- PET/CT retained prognostic significance after adjusting for multiple other predictive variables.
The researchers conclude, "PET/CT (-) at 6 months confers a significant prognostic advantage for newly diagnosed MM patients and adds significant value to the hematologic response assessment."
The study titled, "Utility of PET/CT in Assessing Early Treatment Response in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma," was published in the journal Blood Advances.
KEYWORDS: Blood Advances, PET, CT, multiple myeloma, Shaji K Kumar, cancer survival, positron emission tomography, computed tomography, overall survival, treatment response
Medha Baranwal joined Medical Dialogues as an Editor in 2018 for Speciality Medical Dialogues. She covers several medical specialties including Cardiac Sciences, Dentistry, Diabetes and Endo, Diagnostics, ENT, Gastroenterology, Neurosciences, and Radiology. She has completed her Bachelors in Biomedical Sciences from DU and then pursued Masters in Biotechnology from Amity University. She has a working experience of 5 years in the field of medical research writing, scientific writing, content writing, and content management. She can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org. Contact no. 011-43720751