Reduced-dose CT effective for imaging of kidney stones: Study
The use of reduced-dose CT scans could be effective and reduce the need for re-imaging. USA: Reduced-radiation dose CT (RDCT) is effective in imaging patients for kidney stones, not only that it also reduces overall radiation exposure for people requiring repeated imaging, finds a recent study. The findings of the study are published in the Journal of the American College of...
The use of reduced-dose CT scans could be effective and reduce the need for re-imaging. USA: Reduced-radiation dose CT (RDCT) is effective in imaging patients for kidney stones, not only that it also reduces overall radiation exposure for people requiring repeated imaging, finds a recent study. The findings of the study are published in the Journal of the American College of Radiology.
Kidney stones are common, tend to recur and affects young population. The adoption of reduced-radiation dose CT for kidney stone CT (KSCT) is slow, despite evidence and recommendations. Considering this, Christopher L. Moore, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, and colleagues aimed to design and test an intervention to improve adoption of RDCT protocols for KSCT using a randomized facility-based intervention.
For this purpose, facilities contributing at least 40 KSCTs to the xxxx dose index registry (DIR) during calendar year 2015 were randomized to intervention and control groups. The Dose Optimization for Stone Evaluation intervention included customized CME modules, personalized consultation, and protocol recommendations for RDCT.
The researchers recorded dose length product (DLP) of all KSCTs at baseline (2015) and compared with 2017, 2018, and 2019. They then compared change in mean DLP between facilities that participated (intervened-on), facilities randomized to intervention that did not participate (intervened-off), and control facilities. Difference-in-difference between intervened-on and control facilities is reported before and after intervention.
Of 314 eligible facilities, 155 were randomized to intervention and 159 to control. There were 25 intervened-on facilities, 71 intervened-off facilities, and 96 control facilities.
Key findings of the study include:
- From 2015 to 2017, there was a drop of 110 mGy ∙ cm (a 16% reduction) in the mean DLP in the intervened-on group, which was significantly lower compared with the control group.
- The proportion of RDCTs increased for each year in the intervened-on group relative to the other groups for all 3 years.
These findings show implementing reduced-dose CT protocols is a feasible option for kidney stone imaging in the long-term, the team said. But, providers must be conscientious about using it on a wider scale.
"It is the shared responsibility of medical users of radiation dose or radiation dose-based imaging tests, such as CT, to ensure use of as low as reasonably achievable radiation doses," the team said. "This is particularly true for an indication, such as kidney stone CT, in which there is unequivocal evidence that reduced-dose CT can be employed without adverse effects."
The study titled, "Radiation Dose Reduction in Kidney Stone CT: A Randomized, Facility-Based Intervention," is published in the Journal of the American College of Radiology.
Medha Baranwal joined Medical Dialogues as an Editor in 2018 for Speciality Medical Dialogues. She covers several medical specialties including Cardiac Sciences, Dentistry, Diabetes and Endo, Diagnostics, ENT, Gastroenterology, Neurosciences, and Radiology. She has completed her Bachelors in Biomedical Sciences from DU and then pursued Masters in Biotechnology from Amity University. She has a working experience of 5 years in the field of medical research writing, scientific writing, content writing, and content management. She can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org. Contact no. 011-43720751