Bariatric surgery improves Vascular function in obese patients with CV risk: JAMA
A recent study suggest that bariatric intervention is associated with weight loss and favorable remodeling of the vasculature among a wide range of individuals with cardiovascular risk. The findings have been published in JAMA Network Open.
Bariatric surgical weight loss is associated with reduced cardiovascular mortality; however, the mechanisms underlying this association are incompletely understood.
Researchers aimed to to identify variables associated with vascular remodeling after bariatric surgery and to examine how sex, race, and metabolic status are associated with microvascular and macrovascular outcomes.
For the study design, this population-based longitudinal cohort included 307 individuals who underwent bariatric surgery. Participants were enrolled in the bariatric weight loss program at Boston Medical Center, a large, multi-ethnic urban hospital, with presurgical and postsurgical assessments. Data were collected from December 11, 2001 to August 27, 2019. Data were analyzed in September 2019.
Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and reactive hyperemia (RH) (as measures of macrovascular and microvascular function, respectively) and clinical variables were measured preoperatively at baseline and at least once postoperatively within 12 months of the bariatric intervention.
Results revealed some new facts.
- A total of 307 participants with obesity (mean [SD] age, 42  years; 246 [80%] women; 199 [65%] White; mean [SD] body mass index, 46 ) were enrolled in this study.
- Bariatric surgery was associated with significant weight loss and improved macrovascular and microvascular function across subgroups of sex, race, and traditional metabolic syndrome (mean [SD] pre- vs postsurgery weight: 126  kg vs 104  kg; P < .001; mean [SD] pre- vs postsurgery FMD: 9.1% [5.3] vs 10.2% [5.1]; P < .001; mean [SD] pre- vs postsurgery RH: 764%  vs 923% ; P < .001).
- Factors associated with change in vascular phenotype correlated most strongly with adiposity markers and several metabolic variables depending on vascular territory (eg, association of weight change with change in RH: estimate, −3.2; 95% CI, −4.7 to −1.8; association of hemoglobin A1c with change in FMD: estimate, −0.5; 95% CI, −0.95 to −0.05).
- While changes in macrovascular function among individuals with metabolically healthy obesity were not observed, the addition of biomarker assessment using high-sensitivity C-reactive protein plasma levels greater than 2 mg/dL identified participants with seemingly metabolically healthy obesity who had low-grade inflammation and achieved microvascular benefit from weight loss surgery.
"To our knowledge, this study represents the largest longitudinal bariatric surgical cohort that examined both FMD and RH as measures of macrovascular and microvascular function, respectively. We found that both vascular outcomes, which have been clinically validated as independent predictors of cardiovascular risk, significantly improved following bariatric intervention and track changes in anthropometric measures and metabolic risk factors, depending on vascular territory.
Moreover, differences in arterial responses to weight loss surgery by metabolic status were identified, underscoring heterogeneity in physiological responses to adiposity change and potential activation of distinct pathological pathways in clinical subgroups. As such, individuals with metabolically healthy obesity represent a mixed population that may benefit from more refined phenotypic classification."the team concluded.
For full article follow the link: :10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.15267
Source: JAMA Network Open