Convolutional neural networks trained algorithm may help diagnose alveolar bone loss in periapical X-rays

Published On 2022-09-23 15:00 GMT   |   Update On 2022-09-23 15:01 GMT

A convolutional neural networks trained algorithm on radiographic images showed a diagnostic performance with moderate to good reliability to detect and quantify percentage alveolar bone loss in periapical radiographs according to a recent study published in the International Dental Journal The objective of this research was to perform a pilot study to develop an automatic analysis...

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A convolutional neural networks trained algorithm on radiographic images showed a diagnostic performance with moderate to good reliability to detect and quantify percentage alveolar bone loss in periapical radiographs according to a recent study published in the International Dental Journal

The objective of this research was to perform a pilot study to develop an automatic analysis of periapical radiographs from patients with and without periodontitis for the percentage of alveolar bone loss (ABL) on the approximal surfaces of teeth using a supervised machine learning model, that is, convolutional neural networks (CNN).

A total of 1546 approximal sites from 54 participants on mandibular periapical radiographs were manually annotated (MA) for a training set (n = 1308 sites), a validation set (n = 98 sites), and a test set (n = 140 sites). The training and validation sets were used for the development of a CNN algorithm. The algorithm recognised the cemento-enamel junction, the most apical extent of the alveolar crest, the apex, and the surrounding alveolar bone.

Results:

  • For the total of 140 images in the test set, the CNN scored a mean of 23.1 ± 11.8 %ABL, whilst the corresponding value for MA was 27.8 ± 13.8 %ABL.
  • The intraclass correlation (ICC) was 0.601 (P < .001), indicating moderate reliability.
  • Further subanalyses for various tooth types and various bone loss patterns showed that ICCs remained significant, although the algorithm performed with excellent reliability for %ABL on non molar teeth (incisors, canines, premolars; ICC = 0.763).

A CNN-trained algorithm on radiographic images showed a diagnostic performance with moderate to good reliability to detect and quantify %ABL in periapical radiographs.

Reference:

Nektarios Tsoromokos, Sarah Parinussa, Frank Claessen, David Anssari Moin, Bruno G. Loos. Estimation of Alveolar Bone Loss in Periodontitis Using Machine Learning. International Dental Journal, Volume 72, Issue 5, 2022, Pages 621-627, ISSN 0020-6539, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.identj.2022.02.009.

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Article Source : International Dental Journal

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