Silver diamine fluoride therapy established caries treatment but application protocols varied, different

Published On 2022-09-15 14:30 GMT   |   Update On 2022-09-15 19:02 GMT

Nonrestorative caries treatment enables sustainable caries control through controlling a bacterial infection and the remineralisation of teeth. Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) therapy is an archetypal example of nonrestorative caries treatment and there are several protocols for it's use.Silver diamine fluoride application protocol is simple and straightforward for arresting caries. But...

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Nonrestorative caries treatment enables sustainable caries control through controlling a bacterial infection and the remineralisation of teeth.

Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) therapy is an archetypal example of nonrestorative caries treatment and there are several protocols for it's use.

Silver diamine fluoride application protocol is simple and straightforward for arresting caries. But the published protocols could be different

The study has been published in the International Dental Journal.

The aim of this work was to review the protocol of the use of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) for arresting caries, specifically the application time.

Two researchers searched manufacturers' instructions, YouTube videos, and 5 databases (Embase, Medline, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science). Manufacturers' instructions, videos from national dental organisations, and peer-reviewed journal articles that published the SDF application protocol in English for arresting caries were selected.

Results:

  • The review included 14 protocols from 15 publications from 4 manufacturers, 3 dental associations, and 7 author teams (one team had 2 articles).
  • The American Dental Association and the British Society of Paediatric Dentistry provided their SDF application protocols on YouTube.
  • The American Academy of Paediatric Dentistry and 7 author teams published their protocols in journal articles. Seven publications suggested an SDF application time of 60 seconds.
  • Seven publications suggested a time range of 10 seconds to 240 seconds.
  • Two publications suggested caries excavation, but 4 publications suggested no caries excavation before SDF application.
  • The procedures from at least 5 publications involved protecting the gingiva with petroleum jelly, isolating the carious tooth with cotton rolls, drying the carious lesion with a 3-in-1 syringe, applying SDF solution with a micro brush for 60 seconds, removing excess SDF solution with gauze, and applying fluoride varnish to the SDF-treated lesion.

Although the SDF application protocol is simple and straightforward, the published protocols could be different. Most publications suggested an SDF application time of 60 seconds, which can be long, particularly for young children and older adults.

Reference:

Iliana Gehui Yan, Faith Miaomiao Zheng, Sherry Shiqian Gao, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu. A Review of the Protocol of SDF Therapy for Arresting Caries. International Dental Journal. Volume 72, Issue 5, 2022,Pages 579-588, ISSN 0020-6539, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.identj.2022.06.006.


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Article Source : International Dental Journal

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