Aphthous ulcers- a post- operative complication of dental implants
Aphthous stomatitis is one of the most common ulcerative lesions in the oral cavity. Aphthous stomatitis is a common ailment, idiopathic in nature, with recurrent painful aphthous ulcers (commonly termed "canker sores") on the non-keratinized oral mucous membranes.
A thorough history and review of systems can assist the clinician in determining whether it is related to a systemic inflammatory process or truly idiopathic. However, its occurrence after implant placements is still of major concern.
Presence of aphthous ulcers should be considered by dentists as a potential postoperative complication of dental implantation, reports a study conducted at the Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Hamed Mortazavi and associates aimed to to report the characteristics of patients with aphthous stomatitis after dental implantation.
The study is published in the Journal of Long- term effects of medical implants.
The study included 14 patients who were diagnosed with aphthous stomatitis. The subjects were analyzed with the respect to age, sex, patient's general health status, type, number, location, and duration of the ulcers and the number of dental implants.
The research showed that of the 14 cases, 64.3% were female and 35.7% were male. The mean age of patients was 57.7. In terms of general health status, 64.3% of patients did not have a remarkable disease; however, 14.3%, 14.3%, and 7.1% of cases had diabetes, hypothyroidism, and cardiac disease, respectively.
The majority of the lesions have been presented as minor type (85.7%) and the mean number of the ulcers was 2.5. Labial mucosa has been affected more frequently (71.4%), followed by tongue and floor of the mouth. The most lesions (42.8%) were occurred one day after dental implant surgery. The mean number of dental implants was 3.1.
This led the authors to conclude that the presence of apthous ulcers should be considered by dentists as a potential postoperative complication of dental implantation.
For further reference, log into: