Family environment and signs of ADHD associated with oral health literacy at onset of adolescence
Oral health literacy (OHL) has been defined as the ability to obtain, process, and understand basic information that can assist in better decision-making regarding oral health and has been the object of study in a growing number of investigations in recent years.Oral health literacy in adolescents is influenced by family adaptability and cohesion and signs of ADHD according to a...
Oral health literacy (OHL) has been defined as the ability to obtain, process, and understand basic information that can assist in better decision-making regarding oral health and has been the object of study in a growing number of investigations in recent years.
Oral health literacy in adolescents is influenced by family adaptability and cohesion and signs of ADHD according to a recent study published in the International Dental Journal.
Relationships between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), family factors, and oral health literacy (OHL) in adolescents are unclear. The objective of this research was to investigate whether the family environment and signs of ADHD are associated with oral health literacy at the onset of adolescence.
A cross-sectional study was performed with 448 twelve-year-old adolescents enrolled in schools in Cajazeiras, Brazil. Adolescents responded to an instrument measuring oral health literacy (the Brazilian version of the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry [BREALD-30]) and a validated questionnaire addressing family cohesion and adaptability (Family Adaptability and Cohesion Scales [FACES III]). Parents and teachers answered subscales of the Swanson, Nolan, and Pelham Questionnaire (SNAP-IV) and a socioeconomic questionnaire. Adjusted Poisson regression analysis was employed for the data analysis (P < .05).
The results of the study are:
- Greater oral health literacy was found in adolescents with higher family cohesion scores those whose mothers had more than 8 years of schooling and those whose families earned more than the Brazilian minimum salary
- Higher family adaptability scores and more signs of ADHD (teachers' reports) were associated with lower oral health literacy.
Thus, the researchers concluded that oral health literacy in adolescents was influenced by family adaptability and cohesion, signs of ADHD, maternal schooling, and family income.
irella de Fátima Liberato de Moura, Ramon Targino Firmino, Érick Tássio Barbosa Neves, Edja Maria Melo de Brito Costa, Saul Martins Paiva, Fernanda Morais Ferreira, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia, Attention-deficit Disorder, Family Factors, and Oral Health Literacy, International Dental Journal, Volume 72, Issue 4, 2022, Pages 565-571,ISSN 0020-6539 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.identj.2021.09.005.
Dr. Shravani Dali has completed her BDS from Pravara institute of medical sciences, loni. Following which she extensively worked in the healthcare sector for 2+ years. She has been actively involved in writing blogs in field of health and wellness. Currently she is pursuing her Masters of public health-health administration from Tata institute of social sciences. She can be contacted at email@example.com.