Imaging techniques and 3D printing help fabricate customized scaffolds: Study
Imaging techniques and 3D printing permit the fabrication of customized scaffolds, finds a new study. Further Hydrogel-based scaffolds can revolutionize the current clinical approaches to Bone tissue engineering.The study has been published in the Materials Science and Engineering: C. Bone tissue requires a range of complex mechanisms to allow the restoration of its structure and...
Imaging techniques and 3D printing permit the fabrication of customized scaffolds, finds a new study. Further Hydrogel-based scaffolds can revolutionize the current clinical approaches to Bone tissue engineering.
The study has been published in the Materials Science and Engineering: C.
Bone tissue requires a range of complex mechanisms to allow the restoration of its structure and function. Bone healing is a signalling cascade process, involving cells secreting cytokines, growth factors, and pro-inflammatory factors in the defect site that will, subsequently, recruit surrounding stem cells to migrate, proliferate, and differentiate into bone-forming cells.
A study was conducted by a team of researchers to consolidate and report, based on the current scientific literature, the approaches for bone tissue regeneration using bioactive hydrogel-based scaffolds, cell-based therapies, and three-dimensional bioprinting to define the key challenges preventing their use in clinical applications.
The researchers found that:
Bioactive functional scaffolds could be applied to improve the bone healing processes where the organism is not able to fully regenerate the lost tissue.
- However, to be optimal, such scaffolds should act as osteoconductors – supporting bone-forming cells, providing nutrients, and sustaining the arrival of new blood vessels, and act as osteoinducers – slowly releasing signalling molecules that stimulate mesenchymal stem cells to differentiate and deposit mineralized bone matrix.
- Different compositions and shapes of scaffolds, cutting-edge technologies, application of signalling molecules to promote cell differentiation, and high-quality biomaterials are reaching favourable outcomes towards osteoblastic differentiation of stem cells in in vitro and in vivo researches for bone regeneration.
Thus, the researchers concluded that hydrogel-based biomaterials are being pointed as promising for bone tissue regeneration; however, despite all the research and high-impact scientific publications, there are still several challenges that prevent the use of hydrogel-based scaffolds for bone regeneration being feasible for their clinical application.
A study titled, "Three-dimensional bioactive hydrogel-based scaffolds for bone regeneration in implant dentistry" by Mariane B.Sordi et. al published in the Materials Science and Engineering: C.
Dr. Shravani Dali has completed her BDS from Pravara institute of medical sciences, loni. Following which she extensively worked in the healthcare sector for 2+ years. She has been actively involved in writing blogs in field of health and wellness. Currently she is pursuing her Masters of public health-health administration from Tata institute of social sciences. She can be contacted at email@example.com.