Stress worsens prognosis of non-surgical treatment of chronic periodontitis: Study
Recent research published in the Journal of Periodontology has found out that patients with increased stress, anxiety, and depression scores as well as those exhibiting negative coping strategies demonstrate worsened non‐surgical periodontal treatment (SRP) outcomes in severe chronic periodontitis cases.
Catherine Petit and colleagues from the Department of Periodontology, University of Strasbourg, Dental Faculty, Strasbourg, France conducted the study to evaluate the influence of psychological stress on non‐surgical periodontal treatment (SRP) outcomes in patients with severe chronic periodontitis (stage 3/4 generalized periodontitis) at 6 months in the French population.
Patients diagnosed with severe generalized chronic periodontitis (periodontitis stage 3/4) were included in this study. At baseline, psychological status was evaluated by self‐administered questionnaire (Depression Anxiety Stress Scale 42 [DASS‐42] and Toulouse coping scale [TCS]). Plasma levels of cortisol and chromogranin‐A were determined. Patients were then managed by oral hygiene instructions, scaling and root planing of sites with PD >3 mm and followed at 3 and 6 months. Quantitative and qualitative variables were described and interactions were determined by linear and logistic regressions.
The following results were seen-
a. Seventy‐one patients were included in this study and 54 were followed up to 6 months.
b. An average probing depth (PD) reduction of 0.73 ± 0.11 mm and decrease of diseased sites (PD >3 mm) were measured at 6 months illustrating SRP efficacy.
c. Multivariable analysis showed that increased DASS‐stress score was associated to worsened SRP outcomes in terms of bleeding on probing (BOP) (OR = 1.02, P <0.05) and mean PD (P <0.05) reduction.
d. An increase of DASS‐depression score negatively influenced PD >5 mm (OR = 1.06, P
7 mm (OR = 1.17, P
5 mm (OR = 1.03, P
7 mm (OR = 1.07, P <0.05) reduction.
e. Negative coping strategies were also associated with worsened SRP outcomes.
Hence, the authors concluded that "Patients with increased stress, anxiety, and depression scores as well as those exhibiting negative coping strategies demonstrate worsened SRP outcomes. DASS‐42 and TCS were useful to determine psychological status and their use could be incorporated to assess treatment prognosis."