FDA approves sodium thiosulfate for for cisplatin-related ototoxicity in children
As of now there have been no approved treatments for preventing cisplatin-induced hearing loss. The US Food And Drug Administration has approved sodium thiosulfate as the first treatment for cisplatin-related ototoxicity in pediatric patients.Permanent hearing loss can be seen in approximately 60 percent of children treated with cisplatin and can be as high as 90 percent.Until...
As of now there have been no approved treatments for preventing cisplatin-induced hearing loss. The US Food And Drug Administration has approved sodium thiosulfate as the first treatment for cisplatin-related ototoxicity in pediatric patients.
Permanent hearing loss can be seen in approximately 60 percent of children treated with cisplatin and can be as high as 90 percent.Until now, interventions with management strategies such as cochlear implants and hearing aids only occurred after hearing loss had been detected and these interventions do not return normal hearing.
"The FDA approval of PEDMARK represents an important breakthrough for pediatric patients with localized, non-metastatic solid tumors at risk for cisplatin-induced hearing loss. Cisplatin is a critical, standard of care agent, used in the treatment of pediatric cancers; however, even though effective, it could be harmful to children, frequently causing permanent and irreversible bilateral hearing loss.
With PEDMARK, physicians now have an approved treatment option to reduce the risk of cisplain-induced hearing loss in pediatric patients," said Rosty Raykov, chief executive officer of Fennec Pharmaceuticals. "We would like to thank the patients, their families, physicians, investigators, employees, consultants and the entire research team at Oregon Health and Science University, who have contributed to the development of PEDMARK."
The FDA approval of PEDMARK was based upon safety and efficacy data from two pivotal open-label, randomized Phase 3 trials (SIOPEL 6 and COG ACCL0431), which compared PEDMARK plus cisplatin-based regimen to cisplatin-based regimens alone for the reduction of cisplatin-induced hearing loss in pediatric patients. In both studies, the incidence of hearing loss was consistently and significantly lower in the PEDMARK plus cisplatin arm compared with the cisplatin alone arm [21.4% vs. 73.3% (p = 0.005) and 32.7% vs. 63% (p = 0.002) with hearing loss in COG ACCLO431 and SIOPEL6, respectively].
The most common adverse reactions (≥ 25% with difference between arms of >5% compared to cisplatin alone) in SIOPEL6 are vomiting, infection, nausea, decreased hemoglobin, and hypernatremia. The most common adverse reaction (≥25% with difference between arms of >5% compared to cisplatin alone) in COG ACCL0431 is hypokalemia.
"Historically, there have been no approved treatments for preventing cisplatin-induced hearing loss. As a physician focused in pediatric cancer for many years, and a primary investigator in the pivotal PEDMARK Phase 3 Clinical Oncology Group (COG) trial, the FDA approval of PEDMARK addresses an enormous unmet need and for many children and young adults, has the potential to greatly improve everyday activities for these patients," said David R. Freyer, DO, MS, Primary Investigator, COG ACCL0431, and Director of the Survivorship & Supportive Care Program, Cancer and Blood Disease Institute, Children's Hospital Los Angeles.
Advances in chemotherapy-based treatment approaches for pediatric patients with localized, solid tumors have improved, resulting in an 85 percent or higher five-year survival rate for these patients2. However, use of platinum-based chemotherapy, still the treatment of choice in many cases, can be toxic to the ears and cisplatin treatment frequently causes permanent and irreversible bilateral (affecting both ears) hearing loss.
"Hearing loss can have a profound impact on a person's life, especially in children who are critically dependent upon normal hearing for cognitive, psychosocial, and speech development," said Penelope "Peppy" R. Brock, M.D., Ph.D., of Great Ormond Street Hospital in London and International Chair of the SIOPEL 6 trial.
"Incorporating PEDMARK® into current treatment strategies with the goal to preserve hearing in children and young adults without reducing the effectiveness of their cisplatin treatment-is a welcome step towards helping to improve long-term outcomes for these patients."
For more information about product availability and patient support, please contact the Fennec HEARS™ program at 1-833-7PEDMARK (1-833-773-3627). The FDA granted this application Priority Review designation. PEDMARK also received Orphan Drug designation by the FDA in 2004.
The Marketing Authorization Application (MAA) for sodium thiosulfate (tradename PEDMARQSI) is currently under evaluation by the European Medicines Agency (EMA).
1. Langer T, Zehnhoff-Dinnesen A, Radtke S, et al. Understanding Platinum-Induced Ototoxicity. Trends in Pharmacological Sciences. August 2013, Vol. 34, No. 8:458-469.
2. American Cancer Society. Key Statistics for Childhood Cancers. Last Revised: January 12, 2022. https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancer-in-children/key-statistics.html
3. Paken J, Govender C. Pillay M, et al. Cisplatin-Associated Ototoxicity: A Review for The Health Professional. Journal of Toxicology. Vol. 2016:1-13.
4. Rybak L. Mechanisms of Cisplatin Ototoxicity and Progress in Otoprotection. Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery. 2007, Vol. 15: 364 - 369
5. Landier W. Ototoxicity and Cancer Therapy. Cancer. June 2016 Vol. 122, No.11: 1647-1658.
Dr Kamal Kant Kohli-MBBS, DTCD- a chest specialist with more than 30 years of practice and a flair for writing clinical articles, Dr Kamal Kant Kohli joined Medical Dialogues as a Chief Editor of Medical News. Besides writing articles, as an editor, he proofreads and verifies all the medical content published on Medical Dialogues including those coming from journals, studies,medical conferences,guidelines etc. Before Joining Medical Dialogues, he has served at important positions in the medical industry in India including as the Hony. Secretary of the Delhi Medical Association as well as the chairman of Anti-Quackery Committee in Delhi and worked with other Medical Councils in India. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Contact no. 011-43720751