FIT after negative colonoscopy may reduce risk of colorectal cancer: Study
Subsequent faecal immunochemical test (FIT) should be scheduled after negative colonoscopy to detect missed neoplasms, thereby reducing the risk of incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC), finds a recent study as published in The Gut Journal.
Subjects with a positive faecal immunochemical test (FIT) have a much higher likelihood of advanced neoplasms than the general population. Whether FIT-positive subjects with negative colonoscopy should receive subsequent FIT screening remain unclear.
Hence, Szu-Min Peng and associates from the Division of Biostatistics, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan recently carried out a cohort study, which comprised of 9179 subjects who had negative diagnostic colonoscopy after positive FIT, of whom 6195 received subsequent FIT during the study period.
Subjects with a negative colonoscopy after positive FIT in the first screening in the Taiwanese Colorectal Cancer (CRC) Screening Program were followed up. CRC incidence was compared between those who did and did not receive subsequent FIT screening.
Cox regression analysis was conducted, adjusting for major confounders to investigate whether subsequent FIT was associated with lower risk of incident CRC.
The study revealed that the CRC incidence (per 1000 person years) was 1.34 in those who received subsequent FIT and 2.69 in those who did not, with corresponding adjusted HR (aHR) of 0.47 (95% CI 0.31 to 0.71). Lower adenoma detection rate of diagnostic colonoscopy was associated with higher risk of incident CRC but became non-significant in multivariable analysis after adjustment for subsequent FIT.
Higher baseline faecal haemoglobin concentration (FHbC, μg haemoglobin/g faeces) was associated with increased risk of incident CRC, 0.95, 2.26 and 2.44 for FHbC=40–59, 60–99, 100–149 and ≥150, respectively.
As a results, the authors concluded that "subsequent FIT should be scheduled after negative colonoscopy to detect missed neoplasms and reduce the risk of incident CRC in a national FIT screening programme."