DrNB Gynaecological Oncology: Admissions, Medical Colleges, Eligibility Criteria, fee details
DrNB Gynaecological Oncology or Doctorate of National Board in Gynaecological Oncology also known as DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology is a super speciality level course for doctors in India that is done by them after completion of their postgraduate medical degree course. The duration of this super speciality course is 3 years, and it focuses on the study of diagnosis and treatment of cancers of the female reproductive system.
The course is a full-time course pursued at various accredited institutes/hospitals across the country. Some of the top accredited institutes/hospitals offering this course include Safdarjung Hospital and Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, New Delhi, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Centre, New Delhi, and more.
Admission to this course is done through the NEET-SS Entrance exam conducted by the National Board of Examinations, followed by counselling based on the scores of the exam that is conducted by DGHS/MCC/State Authorities.
The fee for pursuing DrNB (Gynaecological Oncology) varies from accredited institute/hospital to hospital and may range from Rs.1,25,000 to Rs.3,15,000 per year.
After completion of their respective course, doctors can either join the job market or can pursue certificate courses and Fellowship programmes recognized by NMC and NBE. Candidates can take reputed jobs at positions as Senior residents, Consultants etc. with an approximate salary range of Rs.10 lakh to Rs.28 lakh per annum.
DNB is equivalent to MD/MS/DM/MCh degrees awarded respectively in medical and surgical super specialities. The list of recognised qualifications awarded by the Board in various broad and super specialities as approved by the Government of India are included in the first schedule of the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956.
The Diplomate of National Board in broad-speciality qualifications and super speciality qualifications when granted in a medical institution with the attached hospital or in a hospital with the strength of five hundred or more beds, by the National Board of Examinations, shall be equivalent in all respects to the corresponding postgraduate qualification and the super-speciality qualification granted under the Act, but in all other cases, senior residency in a medical college for an additional period of one year shall be required for such qualification to be equivalent for the purposes of teaching also.
What is DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology?
Doctorate of National Board in Gynaecological Oncology, also known as DrNB (Gynaecological Oncology) or DrNB in (Gynaecological Oncology) is a three-year super speciality programme that candidates can pursue after completing a postgraduate degree.
Gynaecological Oncology is the branch of medical science dealing with the study of diagnosis and treatment of cancers of the female reproductive system.
The National Board of Examinations (NBE) has released a curriculum for DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology.
The curriculum governs the education and training of DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology.
The postgraduate students must gain ample of knowledge and experience in the diagnosis, and treatment of patients with acute, serious, and life-threatening medical and surgical diseases.
PG education intends to create specialists who can contribute to high-quality health care and advances in science through research and training.
The required training done by a postgraduate specialist in the field of Gynaecological Oncology would help the specialist to recognize the health needs of the community. The student should be competent to handle medical problems effectively and should be aware of the recent advances in their speciality.
The candidate is also expected to know the principles of research methodology and modes of the consulting library. The candidate should regularly attend conferences, workshops and CMEs to upgrade her/ his knowledge.
Here are some of the course highlights of DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology
Name of Course
DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology
Duration of Course
Minimum Academic Requirement
Candidates must have a postgraduate medical Degree in MD/MS/DNB (Obst. & Gynae) from any college/university recognized by the Medical Council of India (Now NMC)/NBE, this feeder qualification mentioned here is as of 2022. For any further changes to the prerequisite requirement please refer to the NBE website.
Admission Process / Entrance Process / Entrance Modalities
Entrance Exam (NEET-SS)
INI CET for various AIIMS, PGIMER Chandigarh, JIPMER Puducherry, NIMHANS Bengaluru
Counselling by DGHS/MCC/State Authorities
Rs.1,25,000 to Rs.3,15,000 per year
Rs.10 lakh to Rs.28 lakh per annum
The eligibility criteria for DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology are defined as the set of rules or minimum prerequisites that aspirants must meet in order to be eligible for admission, which includes:
Name of Super Specialty course
Prior Eligibility Requirement
MD/MS/DNB (Obst. & Gynae)
· The feeder qualification for DrNB Gynaecological Oncology is defined by the NBE and is subject to changes by the NBE.
· The feeder qualification mentioned here is as of 2022.
· For any changes, please refer to the NBE website.
- The prior entry qualifications shall be strictly in accordance with Post Graduate Medical Education Regulations, 2000, and its amendments notified by the NMC and any clarification issued from NMC in this regard.
- The candidate must have obtained permanent registration with any State Medical Council to be eligible for admission.
- The medical college's recognition cut-off dates for the Postgraduate Degree courses shall be as prescribed by the medical council of India (now NMC).
The admission process contains a few steps to be followed in order by the candidates for admission to DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology. Candidates can view the complete admission process for DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology mentioned below:
- The NEET-SS or National Eligibility Entrance Test for Super specialty courses is a national-level master's level examination conducted by the NBE for admission to DM/MCh/DrNB Courses.
- Qualifying Criteria-Candidates placed at the 50th percentile or above shall be declared as qualified in the NEET-SS in their respective specialty.
- The following Medical institutions are not covered under centralized admissions for DM/MCh courses through NEET-SS:
1. AIIMS, New Delhi and other AIIMS
2. PGIMER, Chandigarh
3. JIPMER, Puducherry
4. NIMHANS, Bengaluru
- Candidates from all eligible feeder specialty subjects shall be required to appear in the question paper of the respective group if they are willing to opt for a superspecialty course in any of the super specialty courses covered in that group.
- A candidate can opt for appearing in the question papers of as many groups for which his/her Postgraduate specialty qualification is an eligible feeder qualification.
- By appearing in the question paper of a group and on qualifying the examination, a candidate shall be eligible to exercise his/her choices in the counseling only for those superspecialty subjects covered in said group for which his/ her broad specialty is an eligible feeder qualification.
The fee structure for DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology varies from accredited institute/hospital to hospital. The fee is generally less for Government Institutes and more for private institutes. The average fee structure for DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology is around Rs.1,25,000 to Rs.3,15,000 per year.
Colleges offering DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology
There are various accredited institutes/hospitals across India that offer courses for pursuing DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology.
As per the National Board of Examinations website, the following accredited institutes/hospitals are offering DrNB (Gynaecological Oncology) courses for the academic year 2022-23.
A DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology is a three years specialization course that provides training in the stream of Gynae oncology.
The course content for DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology is given in the NBE Curriculum released by the National Board of Examinations, which can be assessed through the link mentioned below:
1. Basic Sciences:
i. Principles of oncogenesis
a. Cellular growth and death
b. Invasion and metastasis
ii. Molecular biology in gynaecologic oncology and hereditary gynaecologic cancers
c. DNA, RNA and epigenetic alterations in gynaecologic cancers
d. Hereditary breast-ovary cancer syndrome
e. Lynch syndrome
a. General anatomy and embryology
b. Surgical anatomy of the abdomen, pelvis, groin and perineum
a. Tumour markers
c. Detailed pathology of gynaecologic cancers including gestational trophoblastic disease
a. Principles of infection control
b. Antibiotic prophylaxis and treatment
c. The role of virus in gynaecologiccancer
vi. Research related topics
a. Epidemiology of gynaecologic cancers
b. Medical statistics and cancer registry
c. Methods and principles of clinical research
2. Preventive Oncology
i. Principles of preventive oncology
b. Health economics
ii. Pre-invasive diseases of the female reproductive organs
b. Vulva and vagina
d. Fallopian tube and ovary
iii. Vaccines for the prevention of cervical cancer
3. Diagnosis and Management of Gynaecologic Cancers
i. General Principles
a. Assessment and diagnosis of gynaecologic cancer
• Confirming initial diagnosis
• Treatment planning
b. Basic surgical principles
• Minimal access surgery
• Post-operative care
• Fluid and electrolyte balance
• Pain and symptom management
• Care of the critically ill
c. Imaging related to gynaecologic oncology
• Ultrasound scan
• CT scan
• MRI scan
d. Radiation oncology
• Radiation physics
• Cellular response to radiation
• Radiation production
• Clinical use
e. Pharmacology and therapeutics of anticancer medications
• Targeted treatment
f. Additional subjects
• Communication skills
• Breaking bad news
• Handling grief and anger
• Pain management and other symptom control
• Quality of life
• Palliative care
• End of life care
4. Organ Specific Topics
i. The sites included are
d. Uterus and endometrium
• Epithelial tumours
• Stromal tumours
e. Ovary, fallopian tube and peritoneal surface malignancy
• Epithelial tumours
• Non-epithelial tumours
f. Gestational trophoblastic disease
5. These should be taught under the following Headings
ii. Surgical anatomy
iv. Clinical presentation
viii. Follow up
ix. Recent advances and trials underway
III. PRACTICAL TRAINING MODULES
1. Core Gynaecologic Oncology
i. Pre-treatment assessment and work up of a gynaecologic oncology patient
ii. Pre, and post-operative care
iii. Generic surgical skills
a. Open surgery
b. Minimal access surgery
iv. Training in the management of organ specific diseases
a. Cancer of the ovary, peritoneum and the tubes
b. Cancer of the uterus
c. Cancer of the cervix
d. Cancer of the lower genital tract (vagina and vulva)
e. Gestational trophoblastic disease
v. Preventive oncology
a. Cervical screening
c. Familial cancer
vi. Additional training
a. GI oncology
b. Uro oncology
c. Breast surgery
d. Medical oncology
e. Radiation oncology
f. Basic sciences (Histopathology, cytology, microbiology)
h. Communication and interview skills
i. Palliative care
vii. Clinical audit and research
a. The candidate must undertake a research activity during the training and write a dissertation based on that research
b. To follow DrNB guideline in writing and submitting the dissertation
viii. Candidates are also encouraged to undertake clinical audits, however this is notmandatory
IV. THE CORE MODULES
1. General Assessment of a Gynaecologic Oncology Patient The trainee is expected to develop the skills and attitudes and demonstrate the knowledge, required to make an appropriate clinical assessment of a patient with a suspected or known gynaecologic cancer. The areas of work will include the general outpatient clinic, special clinics like colposcopy, outreach screening clinics, inpatients including patients admitted to intensive care or high dependence units.
The trainee is expected to maintain a broad knowledge of the pattern of presentation of gynaecologic malignancies, of care pathways for suspected gynaecologic cancer and of investigations required to confirm diagnosis. They are also expected to undertake preoperative investigations of patients to evaluate fitness for surgery. The trainee should be able to make appropriate assessment of the stage of the disease and clinical condition of the patient to counsel them and their relatives regarding the benefits and risks involved with the treatment of cancer. The trainee should be equipped with the knowledge of the physical and psychosexual morbidity of cancer diagnosis and treatment.
i. Obtain an appropriate history
a. Symptoms andc o-morbidity
b. Family history and genetic susceptibility
ii. Perform an appropriate clinical examination
iii. Communicate results of prior investigations
iv. Initiate further investigations
v. Communicate clinical plan to patient and relatives
vi. Ability to counsel patients regarding entry into clinical trials
2. Pre and Postoperative Care
The trainee will be required to plan appropriate surgery, identify surgical and anaesthetic risks, prepare patients for surgery, and manage postoperative complications. The trainee should also develop a clear concept about intensive care of patients undergoing radical and ultra-radical proactively identify early signs of complications and institute remedial measures to avert them.
The trainee should be fully aware of the type of surgery appropriate for each gynaecologic cancer, fluid and electrolyte balance and nutrition during the postoperative period. They should have a thorough understanding of infection-control policies and rational use of antibiotics.
i. Counsel patients and relatives regarding management with risks and benefits of treatment
ii. ii. Able to select and plan appropriate surgical management of gynaecologic cancer according to patient's needs
iii. Manage fluid and electrolyte balance peri-operatively
iv. Order and supervise appropriate thromboprophylaxis
v. Liaise with nutritional support team and decide when parenteral nutrition or enteral feeding is appropriate
vi. Liaise with infection control team to prevent and treat sepsis
vii. Pre-empt signs of post-operative complications
viii. Manage postoperative thrombosis, infection, bowel obstruction, chest complications, and electrolyte imbalance
ix. Conduct multidisciplinary team meeting and convey decisions to patients and
x. relatives, including prognosis and palliative care
xi. Provide support to colleagues in other surgical departments when asked for
i. Multidisciplinary team meeting attendance
ii. Audit of complications
3. Generic Surgical Skills
The trainee will achieve surgical skills appropriate for a subspecialist gynaecologic oncology surgeon. He/she should be thoroughly conversant with the relevant anatomy and apply this through appropriate techniques in surgical skills. Undertaking continuous personal performance audit will aid in improving techniques of surgery.
The trainee should develop a thorough knowledge about the anatomy of the female abdomen and pelvis and the retroperitoneal space including the blood supply, nerve supply venous and lymphatic drainage of all the organs in the abdomen.
i. Prepare surgical waiting list and prioritise
ii. Position patients according to the type of surgery
iii. Plan operating steps during the progress of surgery
iv. Handle tissue with respect
v. Choose suture materials appropriately
vi. Apply different types of knots using hands and instruments
vii. Choose electrosurgical equipment and use them at appropriate settings
viii. Use gynaecologic endoscopic equipment with confidence
ix. Undertake surgical staging using different scoring tools
x. Clearly communicate with anaesthetic and nursing colleagues
i. Surgical case log
ii. Audit of surgical procedures and complications
4. Cancer of the Ovary, Tube and Peritoneum
At the completion of this training the candidate should be able to undertake appropriate initial assessment and investigations of suspected ovarian, tubal or primary peritoneal cancer, plan subsequent management with regards to confirmation of diagnosis and treatment and communicate with multidisciplinary team to organise adjuvant treatment and plan follow-up
The Trainee should be thoroughly up-to-date with the knowledge about aetiology, clinical presentations, and pathology of different types of ovarian, tubal and primary peritoneal cancer. They should be able to apply FIGO staging, have clear concept about indications, techniques, limitations and complications of surgical treatment, make radiological assessment for preoperative diagnosis and guided biopsy and plan surgical and medical pathway of suspected ovarian cancer. The Trainee should be knowledgeable in case selection, primary and secondary cyto-reductive surgery, interval debulking surgery and fertility conserving surgery, medical management of ascites, pleural effusions and bowel obstruction and the principles of best supportive and palliative care.
i. Ability to formulate and implement a plan of management based on histological variant of ovarian cancer
ii. Ability to appropriately stage ovarian cancer
iii. Ability to decide on appropriate surgery, including resection of bowel and formation of stoma and urinary diversion where appropriate
iv. Counsel patient and relatives sensitively and respecting confidentiality about:
v. diagnosis and further therapy, surgical options and complications, medical options and prognosis
vi. Perform advanced cytoreductive surgery
vii. Manage recurrent disease by appropriately selecting patients for repeat surgery
or referring them for other treatment modalities including palliative care
i. Surgical case log
5. Cancer of the Body of the Uterus
The trainee will be trained to understand and demonstrate appropriate skills and attitudes in relation to managing a patient with a diagnosis of uterine cancer. They should be able to undertake primary surgical (Open and laparoscopic) management, understand management options to address co-morbidity and manage recurrent disease.
The trainee is expected to gain a thorough knowledge in aetiological factors leading to endometrial cancer, histological types of endometrial cancer, FIGO staging and their prognostic implications. They should be able to decide on the type of surgery appropriate for endometrial cancer and decide on the role of radio therapy and chemo therapy in the treatment of endometrial cancer. The trainee will need full understanding of the risk factors and patterns of recurrent disease and the management options for recurrent disease. They should have thorough knowledge about the rare uterine tumours, e.g. sarcomas.
i. To counsel patients regarding diagnosis, management and risks of treatment
ii. Ability to select and perform appropriate surgical management of endometrial cancer according to patient's needs
iii. Perform surgery, both open and laparoscopic procedures
iv. Recognise and manage intra-operative complications, postoperative care and complications arising
v. Recognition of recurrence of disease and its management
vi. Decide need for adjuvant therapy
vii. Follow up patients appropriately
i. Surgical case log
6. Cancer of the Uterine Cervix
In this module, the trainee will be trained to diagnose, investigate and manage a patient with cancer of the cervix. They should develop appropriate skills to perform appropriate surgery for cervical cancer, liaise with radiotherapy department for those who would need this modality of treatment and manage treatment complications.
The trainee will be equipped with detailed knowledge of the anatomy of the female pelvis, understandtheepidemiologyofcervicalcancerespeciallytheIndianperspectiveandunderstand the pathophysiology of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and the role of human papillomavirus (HVP) in an etiology and development of CIN and cervical cancer. They should have a clear concept about the presentation, diagnosis, and staging of cervical cancer. They should know pathology of cervical cancer, understand the management of all stages of cervical cancer including surgery and chemo radiation and be conversant about the short term and long term adverse effects of treatment. The trainee should have knowledge of pattern of disease recurrence and appropriate management of this.
i. Undertake clinical staging of cervical cancer including cystoscopy
ii. Perform radical hysterectomy, pelvic lymphadenectomy and para-aortic lymph node dissection
iii. Counsel patients about the diagnosis, investigations and appropriate treatments for cervical cancer, including adverse effects and complications of treatment
iv. Interpret results of radiological investigations
v. Recognise and manage complications of treatment
vi. Diagnose, investigate and manage recurrent cervical cancer
vii. Select patients for regenerative surgery
i. Surgical case log
7. Cancer of the Lower Genital Tract (Vulva And Vagina)
The trainee will be trained to understand and demonstrate appropriate skills and attitudes in relation to managing a patient with a diagnosis of vulval and vaginal cancer, undertake primary surgical procedures and manage recurrent disease.
The trainee must be fully conversant with the anatomy of the vulva, vaginal region and lower abdominal wall, and femoral triangle including blood supply, nerve distribution and lymph drainage of the region, aetiology of vulval and vaginal cancer, including sarcoma and metastatic lesions. They should also have very clear conception about benign and premalignant conditions of the vulva and vagina.The trainee must know the clinical presentation, investigation necessary for FIGO staging and management of lower genital tract cancer, epidemiology and aetiology of vulval cancer. They should be thorough in their knowledge about short term and long term complications of treatment and appropriate management of complications.
i. Take a history and perform an appropriate examination including vaginoscopy and vulvoscopy
ii. Perform vulval and vaginalbiopsy
iii. Undertake staging and imaging investigations
iv. Perform partial vaginectomy (abdominal and vaginal approach) and assist in radical vaginectomy
v. Perform a wide local excision of vulva and simple vulvectomy
vi. Perform a radical vulvectomy
vii. Perform a simple rotation flap to achieve primary closure of vulval wound and liaise with plastic surgeons when appropriate
viii. Perform a sub-fascial groin node dissection including sentinel node detection
ix. Ability to organise anterior, posterior and total exenteration and leading the surgical procedure
i. Surgical case log
8. Gestational Trophoblastic Disease and Neoplasia
The trainee will be trained to diagnose, investigate, and manage a patient with gestational trophoblastic disease and neoplasia (GTD, GTN).
The trainee should have detailed knowledge about definition, classification, and pathology of GTD, clinical features and behaviour of different entities of GTD and their principles of management. They should be competent in diagnosis, WHO risk scoring and staging of GTD, fully conversant with the histopathological features and plan the need for prophylactic chemotherapy. They should have full knowledge about the complications of treatment and management, management of chemoresistant and relapsed neoplasia and the role of surgery and radiotherapy in the management of GTD. The trainee is also expected to be aware of issues related follow up and to future pregnancy and contraception.
i. Perioperative management of patients undergoing suction evacuation for molar pregnancy
ii. Appropriate follow-up of patients following GTD/GTN
iii. Decide need for and perform hysterectomy in emergency situations
iv. Diagnose, stage, and risk score gestational trophoblastic neoplasia
v. Liaison with medical oncologist regarding plan of management of GTN and manage complications of treatment
i. MDTM records
9. Preventive Oncology
The objective of this module is to introduce the trainee to the community where population based cervical cancer screening is undertaken in order to prevent the incidence of and deaths from cervical cancer. An integral part of the training will be field visits to understand the role of mass communication and different methods of cervical screening.
This module is prepared to help the trainee in different aspects of cervical screening from development of population screening infrastructure and spread of awareness, to development of human resources. They will receive training in outreach clinics setting up a temporary clinic in VIA/VILI and field colposcopy.
The trainee should be fully conversant with the incidence and prevalence of cervical cancer in India and the role of oncogenic HPV and other risk factors for cervical cancer. They should be aware of the different methods of cervical screening (Pap smear, VIA/VILI, HPV test) their advantages and limitations and how these screening strategies are changing lives globally. The trainee should have basic understanding of population survey and medical statistics. He/she should be aware of the criteria for screening for diseases in the community, the benefits and disadvantages of screening and different screening programs undertaken in diverse populations in different parts of the world. The candidate must have a comprehensive knowledge about the role of vaccines in the prevention of cervical cancer.
i. Ability to communicate in small gathering, group discussion and one to one discussion to explain the role of cervical screening
ii. Organise cervical screening through field clinics
iii. Undertake VIA and VILI
iv. Supervise and train health workers and field workers if the institution also runs outreach cervical screening clinics
v. Use colposcope
i. Log book of cervical screening and colposcopy
ii. Field visit record
10. Pre-Invasive Lesions of the Vulva and Vagina
The objective of this section is for the trainee to understand and manage women with premalignant lesions of the vulva and vagina, appropriately monitor the mandtreat them as and when necessary so that they do not progress to invasive disease or even if they progress, they are diagnosed very early and completed recovery can be contemplated.
The candidate should have a thorough knowledge of the anatomy and histology of the vulval skin and the append ages. They should understand the pathophysiology of vulvaldystrophies and pre- invasive lesions of the vulva and vagina, and risk of progression from premalignant and pre- invasive lesions to invasive lesions to counsel patients accordingly.
i. Undertake vulval biopsies under local anaesthesia
ii. Use colposcope to examine and treat premalignant conditions of the vulva and vagina
iii. Treat and follow up patients of vulval dystrophies
iv. Undertake ablative and excisional treatment for vaginal intra-epithelial neoplasia
i. Log book of procedures
Training in colposcopy will include digital or binocular and video-colposcopy for the diagnosis and management of pre-invasive and early invasive lesions of the cervix, vulva, and vagina.
The trainee should be fully aware of the principles of colposcopy and should be familiar with the colposcope and the accessories used. They should have comprehensive knowledge about different benign, pre-invasive, and invasive lesions of the vulva, vagina and cervix. They should beaware of the current national and international guidelines regarding management of these conditions.
i. Dexterity of use of thecolposcope
ii. Interpret VIA/VILI, smear result and HPV test
iii. Differentiate between benign, pre-malignant and malignant lesions using the colposcope
iv. Undertake colposcopically directed punch and wedge biopsy
v. Treat benign and pre-malignant lesions of the cervix using cryotherapy and diathermy loop excision
vi. Communicate colposcopy findings and test results with the patients and arrange appropriate follow up for those who are treated and those who are kept under surveillance
i. Log book of cervical screening and colposcopy
ii. Field clinic visit record where available
12. Hereditary Cancers
Training in this field is aimed at making the candidate familiar with the expanding field of molecular biology and genetics in cancer and its application in clinical settings with respect to gynaecologic cancers.
The trainee should be fully aware of the principles of molecular biology and the role of genetic and other different factors important for cell growth, death, and repair in relation to carcinogenesis. They must have a complete understanding of hereditary gynaecologic cancers and management of women at increased risk of gynaecologic cancer.
i. Undertake hereditary cancer risk assessment based on family history
ii. Advice on appropriate genetic tests
iii. Counsel ovarian and endometrial cancer patients and relatives regarding risk of similar malignancy to other family members
iv. Counsel women at higher risk of hereditary cancers regarding genetic testing and appropriate relevant investigations and risk reducing procedures
i. Attendance at genetic cancer clinic if available
13. Gastro-Intestinal Surgery
This module is designed to help the trainee to understand the indications and principles of bowel resection and repair in the context of gynaecologic oncology. They would be trained to deal with accidental bowel injury and undertake elective bowel resection. The training will also include resection of metastasis of ovarian cancer in the upper abdomen.
The trainee should be fully conversant with the anatomy and physiology of the hepatopancreatico-biliary and gastrointestinal tract, pathophysiology of intestinal function, principles of surgery of gastrointestinal tract, and the principles of resection and repair of intestinal tissues. They should understand the indications to perform bowel surgery in a gynaecologic oncology setting, use of radiology in investigation and management of gastrointestinal tract disorders in order to appropriately select of patients who will benefit from bowel surgery. The trainee should be competent to undertake preoperative preparation required for a patient who may or will have bowel surgery.
i. Perform laparotomy and identify abnormalities throughout abdominal cavity, including liver, spleen, omentum, appendix, peritoneum, pancreas and large and small bowel
ii. Over-sew serosal injury to the bowel, repair mucosal injury to the small bowel, select area to be respected and perform primary anastomosis of small bowel
iii. Learn use of use of appropriate staples for different indications
iv. Select area and perform ileostomy
v. Perform appendicectomy
vi. Select appropriate tissue and resect large bowel with formation of colostomy.
vii. Manage postoperative care of patients following bowel surgery
i. Surgical case log
ii. Placement record
The trainee will be taught to deal with the effect of gynaecologic cancer and its treatment on the renal tract. They should be able to diagnose the problems and liaise with the urology colleagues to plan management of such complications.
The trainee should have complete knowledge about the anatomy and physiology of kidney, ureter, bladder, and urethra and the effects of gynaecologic malignancy upon urinary tract. They should be totally conversant with the effects of treatment for gynaecologic malignancy on urinary tract; e.g. radical surgery and radiotherapy. The trainee should be aware of the principles of repair of injury to the ureter, bladder, and urethra.
i. Ability to appropriately investigate and diagnose disorders of the urinary tract in a gynaecologic cancer setting
ii. Recognition and management of injury to the urinary tract
iii. Selection of patients who would benefit from intervention surgery involving the urinary tract; e.g. urethral stenting, fistula repair, exenterative surgery
iv. Undertake diagnostic Cystoscopy
v. Dissection of the ureter
vi. Insert supra-pubic catheter
vii. Perform surgical repair of bladder injury
viii. Repair of ureter, ureteric re-implantation, primary anastomosis of ureter
ix. Perform cystectomy, and urinary diversion.
i. Surgical case log
ii. Placement record
15. Breast Surgery
The candidate will be taught to understand the role/limitations of screening for breast cancer, and clinical care and counseling of women with breast symptoms and breast lumps. They should understand hereditary breast cancer syndromes, genetic testing and the implications. They should have adequate knowledge about imaging in breast cancer and comprehend the principles underlying the multidisciplinary management of breast cancer and principles of treatment in different stages of breast cancer including metastatic breast cancer.
The trainee should have the ability to counsel women about breast cancer screening and to conduct a comprehensive physical assessment of the female breast. The candidate should be able to counsel patients with a breast lump and advice regarding clinical management path ways and plan surgical management of breast cancer in association with the colleagues in the breast team.
i. To have a good overview of the relevant literature of the subject
ii. Ability to do a comprehensive clinical/diagnostic work up of patients with suspected or clinical breast cancer
iii. Ability to discuss management plans with colleagues from the breast cancer unit
i. Placement Record
16. Medical Oncology
The aim of this module is to help the trainee understand the role of chemotherapy in the management of gynaecologic cancers, to understand the pharmacology of the major drugs used in chemotherapy and be aware of the latest trial results of chemotherapy in gynaecologictumours. The trainee is expected to shadow the medical oncologist of their multidisciplinary team to facilitate acquiring the knowledge and skills as follows:
The trainee needs to understand relevant cell biology including cell-cycle kinetics, log kill hypothesis and cycle and phase specificity. They should be conversant with the classes of chemotherapeutic agents and their mechanism so faction, pharmacology of the main agents used in gynaecologic cancers, principles of dose calculation and scheduling and understand the benefits and limitations of single-agent and combination chemotherapy including short- and long-term toxicity, both general and drug-specific. The trainee should also understand the concept of adjuvant and neoadjuvant therapy and the role of hormonal and other agents.
i. Counsel patients about the basics of chemotherapy, including adverse effects and complications
ii. Recognition, assessment and management of acute and chronic toxicity
iii. Ability to discuss management at multidisciplinary team meeting, including most
iv. appropriate chemotherapy regimen, according to patient's disease and medical status
v. Ability to liaise with colleagues and other health professionals regarding coordinating investigations and management strategies pertinent to individual patients
vi. Ability to counsel patients about clinical trials
i. Placement records
ii. MDT (Tumour board) attendance record
17. Radiation Oncology
This module is designed to provide familiarity with principles and practice to inform patients appropriately and recognise complications of radiotherapy.
The trainee should know about cell-cycle kinetics, radiation effects, recovery, and repair of tissues, potentiation of effects, protection, sensitivity of different organs and different types of radiation. They should be aware of inverse square law, time–dose relationships and half-life of isotopes, ionisation and modifying factors, radiation units and isodose curves. They should also acquire the basic concepts in principles of fractionation, orthovoltage and supravoltage, CT planning and dosimetry, types of fields, types of sources and methods. The trainee should understand how radiotherapy affects organs and radiosensitivity of different cancers and how to plan patients for radiotherapy.
i. Select patients for radiotherapy according to disease, tumour type and stage
ii. Counsel patient on how radiotherapy works, how it will affect them and what complications may occur
iii. Management of long-term effects of radiotherapy: Vaginal stenosis, ovarian failure,
iv. oedema, osteopenia, fistula
v. Recognition, investigations, and management of recurrent gynaecologic cancer following primary radiotherapy and chemoradiation
i. Placement records
ii. MDT (Tumour board) attendance record
18. Basic Sciences
Brief placements in histopathology, cytology, cytogenetics, and microbiology are included in the training for the candidate to have basic idea of how the laboratory expertise influences the clinical management of the gynaecology patients. In histopathology and cytology laboratory the trainee should learn about specimen grossing, use of different stains and the use of immunohistochemistry in the accurate diagnosis of tumour. At the cytogenetic laboratory the trainee gets exposure to understand how genetic diagnosis is made. In the microbiology department the trainee will learn about diagnosis of infections by different micro-organisms and their drug sensitivity along with principles of infection control.
i. Placement record
This module is aimed at helping the trainee understand the role of imaging in gynaecologic cancer. They should be able to interpret X-rays, ultrasound scans, CT scans and RGNI scans. The Trainee should also be taught to undertake pelvic and transvaginal ultrasound scan.
The trainee should understand the principles of different modalities of and request appropriate radiological investigations in management of gynaecologic cancers. They should be aware of the physics behind the main imaging modalities including nuclear medicine in gynaecologic oncology. They should also be conversant with the principles of image optimisation in ultrasound scan and be able to apply this while undertaking pelvic ultrasound scan themselves.
i. Interpret images
b. Ultrasound scan
c. CT scan
d. MRI scan
e. PET CT and isotope bone scan
ii. Discussion of images with relevance to clinical scenario with radiologist and other trainers
iii. Undertake pelvic ultrasound scan
iv. Undertake image-guided procedures
i. MDT record
20. Communication and Interview Skills
It is mandatory for any oncologist to be trained in communication skills both by observing consultants communicating with patients and their relatives and by attending training sessions.
Clinicians need to be comfortable interviewing and managing patients from a diverse cultural background. It requires practice and an active learning approach to become comfortable in handling different clinical scenarios for different patients. Since all individuals are in some way unique, it is important to be sensitive and be able to respond to needs of patients and families in an individualised way. However, keeping in mind some simple steps and preparing for the commonly encountered scenario makes professionals more confident in dealing with more extreme situations. Communications skills are best learnt by a combination of trainees modelling on senior clinicians whom the juniors look up to, supplemented by workshops on specific topics.
i. Basic interviewing skills
ii. Managing angry and aggressive patients
iii. Breaking bad news
iv. Handling 'Do not tell my mom scenarios'
v. Looking after staff and identifying 'burn out' in yourself and others.
vi. Arrange terminal care
vii. Looking after delirious patients
viii. Identifying risk of suicide
21. Palliative Care
Palliative care is an integral part of any oncology service. As majority of women with ovarian cancer and many other women cervical cancer present late in their disease, understanding the role of palliative care and end of life support remains an essential part of this training.
The trainee should have a clear understanding of when to recommend palliative care. They should know the principles of pain management and management of other distressing symptoms of terminal illness.
i. Select patients for referral to the palliative care team according to symptoms
ii. Advocate appropriate pain and other symptom management
iii. Counsel patient and relatives when escalation of treatment is not in the best interest of the patient.
iv. Counsel patients and relatives regarding end of life care
v. Discuss and liaise with relevant agencies relating to end of life care
i. MDT record
ii. Placement record
22. Clinical Audit and Research
In this module, the trainee is expected to undertake clinical audit in several areas relevant to patient care and maintaining standard of care. Their dissertation will be based on an original research. The trainee is expected to present their audit and research in various local, national, and if possible international scientific conferences. In addition, it is desirable that they are associated with other research activities of the department and have their work published in peer-reviewed journals.
The trainee needs to have a complete understanding of the scope and principles of clinical governance and audit related to this. They should be able to follow the steps in an audit cycle to undertake their own clinical audits and present the data at the appropriate forum. The trainee should know the research methodologies, principles of designing a research and methods of application for ethical approval and for funding. They should have a broad idea about bio- statistics.
i. Lead audit team
ii. Undertake clinical audit using a systematic approach
iii. Present audits at relevant forums and conferences
iv. Design research
v. Apply for ethical approval
vi. Apply for a research grant
vii. Complete research projects
i. Audit reports
ii. Records of the poster and oral presentations
iii. Ethics submission records
v. Other research publications
23. Rotational Posting
After completing a DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology, candidates will get employment opportunities in Government as well as in the Private sector.
In the Government sector, candidates have various options to choose from which include Registrar, Senior Resident, Demonstrator, Tutor etc.
While in the Private sector the options include Resident Doctor, Consultant, Visiting Consultant (Gynaecological Oncology), Junior Consultant, Senior Consultant (Gynaecological Oncology), Critical Care Specialist, etc.
Courses After DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology Course
DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology is a specialisation course that can be pursued after finishing a Postgraduate medical course. After pursuing specialisation in DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology, a candidate could also pursue certificate courses and Fellowship programmes recognized by NMC and NBE, where DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology is a feeder qualification.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) – DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology Course
Question: What is the full form of DrNB?
Answer: The full form of DrNB is a Doctorate of National Board.
Question: What is a DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology?
Answer: DrNB Gynaecological Oncology or Doctorate of National Board in Gynaecological Oncology also known as DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology is a super specialty level course for doctors in India that is done by them after completion of their postgraduate medical degree course.
Question: What is the duration of a DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology?
Answer: DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology is a super speciality programme of three years.
Question: What is the eligibility of a DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology?
Answer: Candidates must have a postgraduate medical Degree in MD/MS/DNB (Obst. & Gynae) from any college/university recognized by the Medical Council of India (Now NMC)/NBE, this feeder qualification mentioned here as of 2022. For any further changes to the prerequisite requirement please refer to the NBE website.
Question: What is the scope of a DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology?
Answer: DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology offers candidates various employment opportunities and career prospects.
Question: What is the average salary for a DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology candidate?
Answer: The DrNB in Gynaecological Oncology candidate's average salary is between Rs. 10 lakh to Rs. 28 lakh per annum depending on the experience.
Question: Can you teach after completing DrNB Course?
Answer: Yes, the candidate can teach in a medical college/hospital after completing DrNB course.
Nitisha is a 5th year medical student. She joined Medical Dialogues in 2022. She wants to pursue healthcare management after she graduates from med school.