North East to see 57,131 cancer cases by 2025: ICMR-NCDIR
These estimates are based on cancer data compiled by eleven Population-Based Cancer Registries (PBCRs) in all eight states
New Delhi: The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) -National Centre for Disease Informatics & Research (NCDIR), Bengaluru, has released a report titled, Profile of cancer and related health indicators in the Northeast Region of India'.
The report was launched on the occasion of World Cancer Day, 4 February 2021, by Prof Balram Bhargava, Secretary DHR &Director General, ICMR. The report projects that the number of new cancer cases in the northeast region (NER) is likely to increase to 57,131 by 2025, in comparison to the estimated 50,317 in 2020. These estimates are based on cancer data compiled by eleven Population-Based Cancer Registries (PBCRs) in all eight states. The report also includes data from seven Hospital Based Cancer Registries (HBCRs) in Assam, Manipur, Mizoram, and Tripura from 2012 to 2016.
In all the states, the incidence of cancer was higher in males than in females except in Manipur and Sikkim. Here are the highlights of the incidence statistics:
- The commonly occurring cancers among males were cancer of the esophagus (13.6%) and lung (10.9%), while in females, cancer of the breast was the leading site (14.5%), followed by that of cervix uteri (12.2%).
- The highest incidence rate in males (269.4 per 100,000 population) was recorded in Aizawl district in Mizoram, among females (219.8 per 100,000) in Papumpare district in Arunachal Pradesh.
- The proportion of tobacco-related cancers was 49.3% in males and 22.8 % in females.
- At the time of diagnosis of breast, cervix, head&neck, stomach and lung cancers, less than one-third were localized, while the remaining were spread either nearby or distantly in the body.
- The proportion of cancer patients seeking treatment outside the north east was highest for Sikkim (95.3%) and Nagaland (58.1%).
- Among the 8 NE states, current tobacco use was highest in Tripura at 64.5% and lowest in Sikkim at 17.9%. Men (59%) and Women (26.3%) from Arunachal Pradesh who were over 15 years‟ of age, consumed higher proportions of alcohol than in other NE states.
- The prevalence of obesity among women aged 15-49 years was highest in Sikkim (34.7%) followed by Manipur (34.1%). While in men it was highest in Sikkim (36.3%) and lowest in Meghalaya (13.9%). Sikkim had the highest prevalence of hypertension in men (41.6%) and women (34.5%), followed by Manipur (men 33.2% and women 23.0%).
- In all the eight statesmen had a higher blood sugar level when compared to women. Less than 50% of the households in Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, and Tripura were using clean fuel for cooking.
- Meghalaya had the most households covered with a health insurance scheme or financing scheme (63.5%).
To view the official notice click on the following link: