Long-term antibiotic use in midlife tied with cognition decline in women: Study
Long-term antibiotic use in midlife is associated with small decreases in cognition in women, according to a recent study published in the PLOS ONE.
The gut microbiome is increasingly recognized to play a role in cognition and dementia. Antibiotic use impacts the gut microbiome and has been linked with chronic disease. Despite these data, there is no evidence supporting an association between long-term antibiotic use in adults and cognitive function.
Researchers conducted a prospective population-based cohort study among 14,542 participants in the Nurses' Health Study II who completed a self-administered computerized neuropsychological test battery between 2014–2018. Multivariate linear regression models were used to assess if chronic antibiotic use in midlife was associated with cognitive impairment assessed later in life.
The results of the study are:
Women who reported at least 2 months of antibiotic exposure in midlife (mean age 54.7, SD 4.6) had lower mean cognitive scores seven years later, after adjustment for age and educational attainment of the spouse and parent, with a mean difference of -0.11 standard units for the global composite score (Ptrend <0.0001), -0.13 for a composite score of psychomotor speed and attention (Ptrend <0.0001), and -0.10 for a composite score of learning and working memory (Ptrend <0.0001) compared with non-antibiotic users. These differences were not materially changed after multivariate adjustment for additional risk factors, including comorbid conditions. As a benchmark, the mean difference in score associated with each additional year of age was (-0.03) for global cognition, (-0.04) for psychomotor speed and attention, and (-0.03) for learning and working memory; thus, the relation of antibiotic use to cognition was roughly equivalent to that found for three to four years of aging.
Thus, researchers concluded that long-term antibiotic use in midlife is associated with small decreases in cognition assessed seven years later. These data underscore the importance of antibiotic stewardship, especially among aging populations.
Association of midlife antibiotic use with subsequent cognitive function in women by Raaj S. Mehta, et al. published in the Plos one.
Midlife, antibiotic use, subsequent cognitive function, women, middle aged women, Plos one, Association, Raaj S. Mehta,Paul Lochhead,Yiqing Wang, Wenjie Ma,Long H. Nguyen,Bharati Kochar, Curtis Huttenhower, Francine Grodstein ,Andrew T. Chan,
Dr. Shravani Dali has completed her BDS from Pravara institute of medical sciences, loni. Following which she extensively worked in the healthcare sector for 2+ years. She has been actively involved in writing blogs in field of health and wellness. Currently she is pursuing her Masters of public health-health administration from Tata institute of social sciences. She can be contacted at email@example.com.