POCUS effective for localizing PICCs in neonate patients: Study
Naples, Italy: A recent study has found point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) to be an effective and non-invasive alternative to the conventional radiogram for localizing small-bore percutaneously inserted central catheters (PICC) in newborns. The researchers in their study, published in the Journal of Pediatrics, suggest that the conventional radiogram should be recommended when ultrasound fails...
Naples, Italy: A recent study has found point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) to be an effective and non-invasive alternative to the conventional radiogram for localizing small-bore percutaneously inserted central catheters (PICC) in newborns. The researchers in their study, published in the Journal of Pediatrics, suggest that the conventional radiogram should be recommended when ultrasound fails to locate catheter tip.
For critically ill newborn patients, a central venous catheter may be needed for drug administration and nutrition. Typically, a PICC, made up of small-bore silicone or polyurethane device, is used. It is inserted through the superficial veins of the limbs, the neck, or the scalp. A radiograph is a common imaging method used to assess the catheter tip location. However, its use is limited by the fact that it uses ionizing radiation.
Previous studies have shown ultrasound to be a good alternative to radiographs as it is radiation-free and is a repeatable bedside option for experienced clinicians. Also, POCUS is being touted by researchers owing to its s portability and cost-effectiveness, while having accuracy comparable with that of standard ultrasound.
Against the above background, Fiorentino Grasso, Section of Neonatology, Department of Translational Medical Sciences, Federico II University, Naples, Italy, and colleagues in their study aimed to assess POCUS guided catheter tip location in a neonatal cohort following insertion of PICCs from the upper part of the body.
The research was designed as a prospective, observational study on PICC tip location. The tip site was assessed by radiological landmarks or direct ultrasound (US) visualization of the cardiovascular structures.
Following were the study's key findings:
· One-hundred eighteen PICCs (28 G/1 Fr) were studied in 102 neonates (mean postmenstrual age: 31 weeks; mean weight at positioning: 1365 grams).
· Feasibility of POCUS guided tip location was 92.3% in our population. Failures were significantly associated with mechanical ventilation (aOR 5.33).
· Agreement between US and radiographic methods was found in 88 out of 109 cases (80.7%).
· Fifteen out of 21 discordant cases led to a change in clinical management.
"Our findings showed that POCUS guided localization of small bore PICC is a non-invasive and effective alternative to the conventional radiogram, the authors concluded". "The latter should be recommended when US fails to locate the catheter tip."
The study titled, "Ultrasound guided catheter tip location in neonates: a prospective cohort study," was published in the Journal of Pediatrics.
Medha Baranwal joined Medical Dialogues as an Editor in 2018 for Speciality Medical Dialogues. She covers several medical specialties including Cardiac Sciences, Dentistry, Diabetes and Endo, Diagnostics, ENT, Gastroenterology, Neurosciences, and Radiology. She has completed her Bachelors in Biomedical Sciences from DU and then pursued Masters in Biotechnology from Amity University. She has a working experience of 5 years in the field of medical research writing, scientific writing, content writing, and content management. She can be contacted at email@example.com. Contact no. 011-43720751