A briefcase lab to detect cancer at an early stage, especially in the developing countries has been developed by scientists. The world’s first portable lab can operate even at high temperatures, and can also boost early detection of cancer.
This first kit of its kind handy tool to be used for portable measurement of cancer biomarkers is the brainchild of Dr Nuno Reis, a lecturer at the Loughborough University in UK. Dr Nuno was motivated by a larger objective of providing a cancer detection system which uses state of the art technology. He is reported to have developed it keeping in mind the lack of adequate technology to support a full laboratory in developing countries, as confirmed by PTI.
The lab-in-a-briefcase comprises of four components; a manually driven multi-syringe device capable of performing up to 80 simultaneous tests from whole blood samples at any one time; microwell plates pre-loaded with assay reagents; a portable USB-powered film scanner to image the test strips; and a portable computer for real-time data analysis.
The system requires just one operator with minimal training to conduct the test within 15 minutes. One of the remarkable features of the product is that it uses whole blood without the need for any sample preparation -a previously challenging task outside a laboratory.
A new affordable and disposable microfluidic test strip-comprising of tiny tubes about the size of a human hair-is used specifically for the quick measurement of different types of cancer biomarkers in a whole blood sample.
The technology, which operates in a similar way to a pregnancy test, has already been used successfully by Reis in a study that detected prostate cancer with the help of a smartphone camera.
“Our lab-in-a-briefcase is both inexpensive and simple to use; it means that high precision diagnostic kits, complete with clinical laboratory equipment, can be made accessible to remote populations, and this is what makes it a truly life-changing concept for the screening and monitoring of different types of cancer,” Reis said.
“This portable lab can really make a difference, boosting levels of cancer detection in developing countries where ordinarily people would not have such easy access to early diagnostics,” he said.
The number of people dying from cancer in developing countries is on the increase.
Cancer accounts for over 8 million deaths per year, with 70% of the deaths occuring in Africa, Asia and Central and South America. Cancer cases is expected to rise by 70% over the next two decades, researchers said.