NSAIDs not linked to post-surgical bleeding complications;claims study
In a recent development, researchers have suggested that NSAIDs are unlikely to be the cause of postoperative bleeding complications.The observations come from a recently conducted study by Bongiovanni et al ,from Department of Surgery, San Francisco and has been published in the Journal Of American College Of Surgeons. It is increasingly recognized that non-opioid analgesia is...
In a recent development, researchers have suggested that NSAIDs are unlikely to be the cause of postoperative bleeding complications.The observations come from a recently conducted study by Bongiovanni et al ,from Department of Surgery, San Francisco and has been published in the Journal Of American College Of Surgeons.
It is increasingly recognized that non-opioid analgesia is an important analgesia in the perioperative period. Specifically, NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) have been touted as an adjunct, or even replacement, for opioids. However, uptake of NSAIDs has been slow due to concern for side effects, including bleeding. Keeping in view the limited literature available to date, the team sought to understand the risk of bleeding caused by NSAIDs in the perioperative period.
As for the study design,A physician–librarian team performed a search of electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE), using search terms covering the targeted intervention (use of NSAIDs) and outcomes of interest (surgical complications, bleeding), limited to English language articles of any date. They performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the data.
Data analysis revealed the following facts.
- A total of 2,521 articles were screened, and 229 were selected on the basis of title and abstract for detailed assessment. Including reference searching, 74 manuscripts met inclusion criteria spanning years 1987–2019.
- These studies included 151,031 patients. Studies included 12 types of NSAIDs, the most common being ketorolac, diclofenac, and ibuprofen, over a wide–range of procedures, from otorhinolaryngology (ENT), breast, abdomen, plastics, and more. More than half were randomized control trials.
- The meta-analyses for hematoma, return to the operating room for bleeding, and blood transfusions showed no difference in risk in any of 3 categories studied between the NSAID vs non-NSAID groups (p = 0.49, p = 0.79, and p = 0.49, respectively).
- Quality scoring found a wide range of quality, with scores ranging from lowest quality of 12 to highest quality of 25, out of a total of 27 (average = 16).
For the full article follow the link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2021.01.005
Primary source: Journal Of American College Of Surgeons
Dr Satabdi Saha (BDS, MDS) is a practicing pediatric dentist with a keen interest in new medical researches and updates. She has completed her BDS from North Bengal Dental College ,Darjeeling. Then she went on to secure an ALL INDIA NEET PG rank and completed her MDS from the first dental college in the country – Dr R. Ahmed Dental College and Hospital. She is currently attached to The Marwari Relief Society Hospital as a consultant along with private practice of 2 years. She has published scientific papers in national and international journals. Her strong passion of sharing knowledge with the medical fraternity has motivated her to be a part of Medical Dialogues.