Statins improve survival in prostate cancer treated with ADT, finds study
According to recent research, it have been shown that in men treated with ADT following primary or salvage radiotherapy, statin use was associated with improved overall and PCa-specific survival.
The study is published in the Journal of European Urology.
Studies have conflicting results regarding the association between statin use and biochemical recurrence for prostate cancer (PCa). A limited number of studies examining statins in advanced stages report positive results, with a few specifically examining statins and androgen deprivation therapy (ADT).
Hence, Robert J Hamilton and associates from the Department of Surgical Oncology, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada carried out this study to perform a post hoc secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) of men initiating ADT to examine the association between statin use and outcomes.
Patients with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) >3 ng/ml >1 yr following primary/salvage radiotherapy were enrolled in an RCT of intermittent androgen deprivation (IAD) versus continuous ADT. Baseline and on-study statin use was modelled as a time-dependent covariate. The primary endpoint was overall survival. Models were adjusted for age, time from radiotherapy to ADT, baseline PSA, and prior ADT.
The following results were noted-
a. Of 1364 patients, statin users (585; 43%) were younger (72.7 vs 73.8 yr, p = 0.001) and less likely to have PSA >15 ng/ml (20% vs 25%, p = 0.04).
b. After a median follow-up of 6.9 yr, statin use was associated with reduced overall (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.64; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.53-0.78, p < 0.001) and PCa-specific (HR: 0.65, 95% CI 0.48-0.87, p = 0.004) mortality.
c. Statin users had 13% longer time to castration resistance, but this did not reach statistical significance (p = 0.15).
d. As an exploratory endpoint, in the IAD arm, statin users had longer time off treatment (median: 0.85 vs 0.64 yr, p = 0.06).
Therefore, the authors concluded that "in men treated with ADT following primary or salvage radiotherapy, statin use was associated with improved overall and PCa-specific survival. In patients treated with IAD, statin use was associated with a trend towards longer time off treatment. A prospective trial of statins in men commencing ADT is warranted."