Endodontic microsurgery associated with predictable healing in teeth with adequate filling quality without periodontal involvement
Endodontic microsurgery associated with predictable healing in teeth with adequate filling quality without periodontal involvement suggests a new study published in the Journal Of Endodontics.
The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes and identify the prognostic factors of endodontic microsurgery based on cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) scans.
Patients who underwent endodontic microsurgery in teeth with asymptomatic apical periodontitis were included. The clinical outcomes were determined based on clinical and radiographic examinations after surgery 12–48 months. Radiographic healing was assessed on CBCT images by using the modified PENN 3-dimensional criteria and classified into 4 categories: complete, limited, uncertain, and unsatisfactory healing. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to detect outcome risk factors.
Of the 204 teeth in 173 invited patients, 148 teeth of 126 patients were examined at review. On CBCT images, 88 teeth (59.5%) showed complete healing, and 42 (28.4%) teeth showed limited healing. All these 130 teeth were asymptomatic and achieved a clinical success rate of 87.8%. Uncertain healing was observed in 9 teeth, one of which was symptomatic. The remaining 9 teeth were unsatisfactory healing on CBCT scans, including 6 teeth with clinical symptoms and 3 free. Lesion type and root-end filling quality were significant outcome predictors (P < .05). The risk of treatment failure for teeth with combined endodontic-periodontal lesions was 8.6 times higher than that for teeth with isolated endodontic lesions. Adequate root-end filling quality improved the probability of success by 5.3 times.
Based on CBCT data, an adequate performed endodontic microsurgery could have predictable success in teeth without periodontal involvement.
Ming-Ming Zhang, Gao-Feng Fang, Zu-Hua Wang, Yu-Hong Liang. Clinical Outcome and Predictors of Endodontic Microsurgery Using Cone-beam Computed Tomography: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Published:August 24, 2023DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joen.2023.08.011
Endodontic, microsurgery, associated, predictable, healing, teeth, adequate, filling, quality, without, periodontal, involvement, Journal Of Endodontics, Ming-Ming Zhang, Gao-Feng Fang, Zu-Hua Wang, Yu-Hong Liang