Conventional brachial cuff BP fails to accurately estimate true BP in women with shorter height: JAMA
Conventional brachial cuff BP fails to accurately estimate true BP in women with shorter height according to a recent study published in the JAMA Network Open. Women are at higher risk of cardiovascular events than men with similar blood pressure (BP). Whether this discrepancy in risk is associated with the accuracy of brachial cuff BP measurements is unknown. A study was conducted...
Conventional brachial cuff BP fails to accurately estimate true BP in women with shorter height according to a recent study published in the JAMA Network Open.
Women are at higher risk of cardiovascular events than men with similar blood pressure (BP). Whether this discrepancy in risk is associated with the accuracy of brachial cuff BP measurements is unknown.
A study was conducted to examine the difference in brachial cuff BP accuracy in men and women compared with invasively measured aortic BP and to evaluate whether noninvasive central BP estimation varies with sex.
This cross-sectional study enrolled 500 participants without severe aortic stenosis or atrial fibrillation from January 1 to December 31, 2019, who were undergoing nonurgent coronary angiography at a tertiary care academic hospital. Sex differences in accuracy were determined by calculating the mean difference between the noninvasive measurements (brachial and noninvasive central BP) and the invasive aortic BP (reference). Linear regression and mediation analyses were performed to identify mediators between sex and brachial cuff accuracy.
- This study included 500 participants
- Baseline characteristics were similar for both sexes apart from body habitus.
- Despite similar brachial cuff systolic BP (SBP) (mean [SD], 124.5 [17.7] mm Hg in women vs 124.4 [16.4] in men; P = .97), invasive aortic SBP was higher in women.
- The brachial cuff was relatively accurate compared with invasive aortic SBP estimation in men but not in women
- Noninvasive central SBP (calibrated for mean and diastolic BP) was more accurate in women (mean [SD] difference, 0.6 [15.3] mm Hg) than in men
Thus, in this cross-sectional study, women had higher true aortic SBP than men with similar brachial cuff SBP, an association that was mostly mediated by a shorter stature. This difference in BP measurement may lead to unrecognized undertreatment of women and could partly explain why women are at greater risk for cardiovascular diseases for a given brachial cuff BP than men. These findings may justify the need to study sex-specific BP targets or integration of sex-specific parameters in BP estimation algorithms.
Accuracy Difference of Noninvasive Blood Pressure Measurements by Sex and Height by Yasmine Abbaoui et al. published in the JAMA Network Open.
Accuracy, Difference, Noninvasive, Blood, Pressure, Measurements, Sex, Height, Yasmine Abbaoui, JAMA Network Open, Catherine Fortier, Louis-Charles Desbiens, Cédric Kowalski, Florence Lamarche, Annie-Claire Nadeau-Fredette, François Madore, Mohsen Agharazii, Rémi Goupil
Dr. Shravani Dali has completed her BDS from Pravara institute of medical sciences, loni. Following which she extensively worked in the healthcare sector for 2+ years. She has been actively involved in writing blogs in field of health and wellness. Currently she is pursuing her Masters of public health-health administration from Tata institute of social sciences. She can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org.