Mediterranean diet linked to 30 percent risk reduction for diabetes in JAMA Study
Diet is considered one of the pillars for the prevention and progression of several diseases including diabetes.The Mediterranean (MED) diet is a recommended way to reduce the risk of heart disease, type 2 diabetes and other adverse health outcomes. It is rich in olive oil, fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts and seeds.But exactly how and why the MED diet lowers risk for type 2 diabetes has remained unclear.
Investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital have found in a longitudinal cohort study that women who adhered to a more MED-like diet had a 30 percent lower rate of type 2 diabetes than women who did not. The team examined several biomarkers to look for biological explanations for these results, finding key mechanisms including insulin resistance, body mass index, lipoprotein metabolism and inflammation. The research has been published in the JAMA Network Open.