Long-term exercise tied to coronary artery calcium progression but low CVD: CARDIA Study
China: Research showed that long-term physical activity (PA) about three times the guidelines or more is independently associated with the progression of coronary artery calcium (CAC). However, the researchers found no additional risk of incident CVD events. The study was published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. The researchers reported, "after adjusting for...
China: Research showed that long-term physical activity (PA) about three times the guidelines or more is independently associated with the progression of coronary artery calcium (CAC). However, the researchers found no additional risk of incident CVD events. The study was published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.
The researchers reported, "after adjusting for traditional cardiovascular risk factors people in the high physical activity trajectory group had a higher risk of CAC progression versus those in the low activity trajectory group. The high physical activity trajectory group was not tied to an increased risk of incident cardiovascular events."
The study was conducted by Jing-Wei Gao, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China, and colleagues with the aim to assess the associations of PA trajectories across a 25-year span with CAC progression and subsequent risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events.
For this purpose, the researchers included participants from the Coronary Artery Disease Risk Development in Young Adults study who had computed tomography assessment of CAC at baseline (year 15: 2000–2001) and follow-up (year 20 or 25) and at least three measures of PA from year 0 to year 25. Latent class modelling using a validated questionnaire determined long-term PA trajectories.
1120 (44.9%) were men, 1418 (56.8%) were white, and the mean age was 40.4 years among the included participants.
The findings of the study were as follows:
- The authors identified three distinct PA trajectories based on PA average levels and change patterns: low (below PA guidelines, n=1332; 53.3%); moderate (meeting and slightly over PA guidelines, n=919; 36.8%), and high (about three times PA guidelines or more, n=246; 9.9%).
- During a mean follow-up of 8.9 years, 640 (25.6%) participants had CAC progression.
- Participants in the high PA trajectory group had a higher risk of CAC progression than those in the low PA trajectory group after adjustment for traditional cardiovascular risk factors (HR 1.51).
- High PA trajectory was not associated with an increased risk of incident CVD events (HR 1.01) and the incidence of CVD events in participants with CAC progression was similar across all three PA trajectory groups.
To conclude, "long-term PA about three times the guidelines or more is independently associated with CAC progression; however, no additional risk of incident CVD events could be detected."
Gao J, Hao Q, Lu L, et alAssociations of long-term physical activity trajectories with coronary artery calcium progression and cardiovascular disease events: results from the CARDIA study. British Journal of Sports Medicine Published Online First: 14 March 2022. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2021-105092
Medha, MSc. Biotechnology
Medha Baranwal joined Medical Dialogues as an Editor in 2018 for Speciality Medical Dialogues. She covers several medical specialties including Cardiac Sciences, Dentistry, Diabetes and Endo, Diagnostics, ENT, Gastroenterology, Neurosciences, and Radiology. She has completed her Bachelors in Biomedical Sciences from DU and then pursued Masters in Biotechnology from Amity University. She has a working experience of 5 years in the field of medical research writing, scientific writing, content writing, and content management. She can be contacted at email@example.com. Contact no. 011-43720751