DNA methylation at birth linked to dental caries and hypomineralization: Study
DNA methylation at birth is associated with dental caries and HSPM, according to a new study published in the Journal of Dentistry. A study was conducted to examine Epigenetic modulation of gene expression may be important in dental conditions, including dental caries and enamel hypomineralisation. The aims of this study were to assess associations between DNA methylation in...
DNA methylation at birth is associated with dental caries and HSPM, according to a new study published in the Journal of Dentistry.
A study was conducted to examine Epigenetic modulation of gene expression may be important in dental conditions, including dental caries and enamel hypomineralisation. The aims of this study were to assess associations between DNA methylation in cord blood leucocytes at birth, and caries experience and enamel hypomineralisation at six years of age.
The study sample was from a birth cohort study of twins. Dental examinations at six years identified the presence/absence of (i) 'any caries' (untreated and treated caries), (ii) 'advanced caries' (untreated, advanced caries and/or past treatment) and (iii) hypomineralised second primary molars (HSPM). Genome-wide analysis of DNA methylation was performed on cord blood of 27 twin pairs (14 dizygotic and 13 monozygotic) using the Illumina Infinium MethylationEPIC BeadChip array. Differentially methylated CpGs (DMCpGs) and regions (DMRs) associated with each dental outcome were investigated while accounting for the relatedness of twins. Results with a false discovery rate <0.05 were treated as statistically significant.
The Results of the study are:
19 children had 'any caries', 15 had 'advanced' caries, and 18 had HSPM. No DMCpGs were associated with 'any caries', 16 and 19 DMCpGs were associated with 'advanced caries' and HSPM, respectively. DMRs were identified in association with all three outcomes. Genes implicated by these analyses included PBX1, ACAT2, LTBP3 and DDR1 which have been linked with dental tissue development in genetic studies.
Thus, the researchers conclude that the exploratory study identified differential methylation in several genes at birth associated with dental caries and HSPM at six years. Further research may provide valuable insights into the aetiology of dental disease and/or reveal novel molecular-based approaches for early risk stratification.
DNA methylation in childhood dental caries and hypomineralization by Silva MJ et al. published in the Journal of Dentistry.
Dr. Shravani Dali has completed her BDS from Pravara institute of medical sciences, loni. Following which she extensively worked in the healthcare sector for 2+ years. She has been actively involved in writing blogs in field of health and wellness. Currently she is pursuing her Masters of public health-health administration from Tata institute of social sciences. She can be contacted at email@example.com.