Glass hybrid restorative system may not protect against advanced abrasive wear on long term basis
Researchers from the Department of Operative Dentistry, Periodontology, and Endodontology, University School of Dental Medicine and Oral Health, Danube Private University (DPU), Austria have found out in a new study that Resinous coating of high-viscosity glass ionomer cement (hvGIC) or a glass hybrid restorative system (ghRS) does not appear to exert an effective long-term protection against advanced abrasive wear, as published in the Journal of Dentistry.
Andrej M.Kielbassa and colleagues carried out the present study with the sole aim to investigate the volumetric abrasive wear of a high-viscosity glass ionomer cement (hvGIC; Equia Fil) and a glass hybrid restorative system (ghRS; Equia Forte), each being recommended as amalgam alternatives. Both materials were applied with or without their respective resinous coating, and were compared with a conventional GIC (Ketac Fil) and a hybrid composite resin (CR; G-ænial Posterior).
The authors included a total of 78 standardized occlusal Class I cavities which were restored with the various materials (n = 13 per group). Before and after chewing simulation (30,000 cycles at 40 N), each sample underwent optical scanning procedures (Omnicam).
A comparison of the total wear using a fluorescence-aided identification technique (OraCheck) followed, and differences (α = 5%) between groups were compared by means of MANOVA.
The key findings that were highlighted included -
a. Regarding the wear rates of hvGIC and ghRS, no differences could be observed (p > .050), and this was not affected by the resinous coating.
b. All hvGIC and ghRS restorations showed significantly higher abrasive wear than CR (p < .001), while the conventional GIC displayed a significant underperformance compared with any other material (p < .001).
Therefore, it was concluded that "resinous coating of hvGIC or ghRS does not appear to exert an effective long-term protection against advanced abrasive wear. Compared to the conventional GIC showing a considerable substance loss, both hvGIC and ghRS materials revealed an improved abrasion resistance, but clearly failed to meet the excellent values of the CR."
The authors further inferred that occlusal loading should be carefully considered when using hvGIC or ghRS as amalgam (or composite resin) alternatives for the restoration of posterior teeth.