Severe Toxicity reported in MDR-TB patients with Linezolid >2mg/L, study finds.
A recent study revealed that >2mg/L concentrations of Linezolid are associated with the development of treatment-emergent toxicity in patients treated for Multi drug resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB). The study was published in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases, 2022.MDR-TB when treated with Linezolid is characterized by high rates of adverse events. The evidence on therapeutic...
A recent study revealed that >2mg/L concentrations of Linezolid are associated with the development of treatment-emergent toxicity in patients treated for Multi drug resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB). The study was published in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases, 2022.
MDR-TB when treated with Linezolid is characterized by high rates of adverse events. The evidence on therapeutic drug monitoring to predict toxicity is scarce. Researchers conducted a study to evaluate the association of linezolid concentrations with severe toxicity.
The study was conducted between 2011 and 2017. It was a retrospective assessment of consecutive patients on Linezolid for MDR-TB. Severe mitochondrial toxicity (SMT) due to linezolid, defined as neurotoxicity or myelotoxicity leading to drug discontinuation was the primary outcome. The impact of plasma linezolid trough concentrations >2 mg/L was assessed in multivariate Cox proportional hazards models including time-varying covariates.
The key findings of the study were:
- SMT occurred in 57 of 146 included patients (39%) at an incidence rate of 0.38 per person-year (95%CI 0.30-0.49).
- A maximum linezolid trough concentration >2 mg/L was detected in 52 patients (35.6%), while the mean trough concentration was >2 mg/L in 22 (15%).
- The adjusted hazard ratio for SMT was 2.35 (95%CI 1.26–4.38, p = 0.01) in patients with a mean trough concentration >2 mg/L and 2.63 (95%CI 1.55–4.47, p < 0.01) for SMT after the first detection of a trough concentration >2 mg/L.
- In an exploratory analysis, higher maximum trough concentrations were dose-dependently associated with toxicity, while lowering of elevated trough concentrations did not restore baseline risk.
Thus, the researchers concluded that Linezolid trough concentrations >2 mg/L are strongly associated with the development of severe treatment-emergent toxicity in patients treated for MDR-TB. They further added that for any patient with trough concentrations above 2 mg/L an individual risk-benefit assessment on the continuation of linezolid treatment is warranted.
For the Full Article, Click here: https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciac485
Dr.Niharika Harsha B (BDS,MDS) completed her BDS from Govt Dental College, Hyderabad and MDS from Dr.NTR University of health sciences(Now Kaloji Rao University). She has 4 years of private dental practice and worked for 2 years as Consultant Oral Radiologist at a Dental Imaging Centre in Hyderabad. She worked as Research Assistant and scientific writer in the development of Oral Anti cancer screening device with her seniors. She has a deep intriguing wish in writing highly engaging, captivating and informative medical content for a wider audience. She can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org.